Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft fur Toxikologische Pathologie

Induction of cytochrome P450 1A1 in rat liver slices by 7-ethoxycoumarin and 4-methyl-7-ethoxycoumarin.

PMID 9784028


7-Ethoxycoumarin (EC) is widely used as a model substrate for monooxygenase function, its O-deethylation representing cytochrome P450 (P450) activity mainly of 1A but also of 2B isoforms. Reports on investigations of its own capacity to induce or suppress P450 activities, however, have not been found in biomedical literature. To avoid the influence of in vivo pharmacokinetics, studies can well be undertaken with liver slice incubation. Therefore in the present investigation precision-cut rat liver slices from male 43-63-day-old male HAN:Wistar outbred rats were incubated at 30 degrees C in carbogen saturated William's Medium E for 24 h. EC was added previously to final concentrations of 10, 25, 50, 75 or 100 microM. After incubation, homogenate was prepared from slices and used for model reactions (7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation [EROD] and 7-pentoxyresorufin O-depentylation [PROD]). EROD, indicating activities of 1A isoforms, was enhanced by incubation with EC at 25 and 50 microM to about doublefold but showed control or lower values at 75 and 100 microM. Incubation with beta-naphthoflavone in comparison led to variable increases (3-5-fold of controls). For PROD as an indicator of the phenobarbital inducible P450 isoforms 2B1 and 2B2 no enhancement was found, but a decrease by incubation with 75 and 100 microM EC. To further investigate the correlation between enzyme activity and gene expression after slice incubation, P450 1A1 mRNA content was measured by RT-PCR. Induced gene expression for 1A1 was seen with different EC concentrations to a variable extent, though not as strong as with BNF. Similar incubation with 4-methyl-7-ethoxycoumarin revealed an even stronger induction of EROD activity with maxima at about 10-32 microM, reaching BNF values. In contrast incubation with 7-benzyloxycoumarin had no evident inducing or suppressing effect, neither on EROD nor on PROD activity.

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7-Ethoxy-4-methylcoumarin, suitable for fluorescence, ≥90% (TLC)