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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Isolation and structure of pompilidotoxins, novel peptide neurotoxins in solitary wasp venoms.


PMID 9784394

Abstract

Novel peptide neurotoxins, alpha- and beta-pompilidotoxins (alpha- and beta-PMTXs), were purified from the venoms of the solitary wasps Anoplius samariensis and Batozonellus maculifrons. Their structures were analyzed mostly by MALDI-TOF-MS, which were corroborated by solid-phase synthesis. alpha-PMTX, with 13 amino acid residues and the sequence of Arg-Ile-Lys-Ile-Gly-Leu-Phe-Gln-Asp-Leu-Ser-Lys-Leu-NH2, greatly potentiates synaptic transmission of lobster leg muscle by the presynaptic mechanisms. beta-PMTX, in which the lysine residue at 12 position of alpha-PMTX was replaced with arginine, was more potent than alpha-PMTX.

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L5538
Leu-Ser-Lys-Leu-NH2, ≥95% (HPLC)
C21H42N6O5