The Journal of experimental biology

Stimulation of fluid secretion of malpighian tubules of drosophila melanogaster meig. by cyclic nucleotides of inosine, cytidine, thymidine and uridine

PMID 9817837


External application of the 3',5'-cyclic monophosphates of inosine, cytidine, uridine and thymidine stimulated the fluid secretion rate (FSR) of Malpighian tubules isolated from Drosophila melanogaster. The evidence suggested that the cyclic nucleotides acted intracellularly in some capacity. Receptors of the 'purinergic' type appeared not to be major contributors to fluid secretion; of three purinergic agonists tried, adenosine, adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP) and adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), only adenosine had an effect, but this was not observed consistently. None of the purinergic agonists interfered with the stimulation of the FSR by adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP). The maximum stimulation of the fluid-secretion rate by any cyclic nucleotide was approximately double the unstimulated (control) rate. Tubules stimulated to less than maximal FSR by one cyclic nucleotide could be stimulated maximally by an appropriate concentration of another cyclic nucleotide. Malpighian tubules bathed in solutions that contained either [3H]cAMP or [3H]cGMP accumulated radioactivity to a level many times that in the medium. Accumulation of radioactivity by tubules bathed in 430 nmol l-1 [3H]cAMP was suppressed by 1 mmol l-1 non-radioactive cyclic nucleotides in the order cAMP>cGMP>cIMP>cCMP; neither cTMP nor cUMP suppressed the accumulation of [3H]cAMP. Approximately 35 % of the [3H]cAMP and 80 % of the [3H]cGMP that entered the Malpighian tubule cells was metabolised to compounds that were not identified. It was concluded that cyclic nucleotides enter the Malpighian tubule cells by at least one transport mechanism which is particularly sensitive to purine-based nucleotides.

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Inosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate sodium salt, ≥98%