The Biochemical journal

Comparative studies on peptides representing the so-called tachykinin-like region of the Alzheimer Abeta peptide [Abeta(25-35)].

PMID 9820820


In an attempt to answer the question of whether or not the so-called tachykinin-like region of the Alzheimer beta-amyloid protein [Abeta(25-35)] can act as a tachykinin, the sequences Abeta(25-35), Abeta(25-35)amide and their norleucine-35 and phenylalanine-31 analogues were synthesized. These peptides were examined with ligand binding studies, electron microscopy, CD and NMR. In all cases some differences were found between the Abeta(25-35) analogue and the corresponding Phe31 peptide. In addition, in ligand displacement studies on tachykinin NK1 receptors, only the Phe31 analogue showed activity comparable to that of genuine tachykinins. We conclude that peptides based on Abeta(25-35) but with a Phe residue at position 31 do display properties typical of a tachykinin, but that peptides with Ile at this position do not.