The human poliovirus receptor related 2 protein is a new hematopoietic/endothelial homophilic adhesion molecule.

PMID 9845526


We have recently described Poliovirus Receptor Related 2 (PRR2), a new cell surface molecule homologous to the poliovirus receptor (PVR/CD155). Both molecules are transmembrane glycoproteins belonging to the Ig superfamily (IgSF). They contain 3 Ig domains of V, C2, and C2 types in their extracellular regions that share 51% aa identity. The PRR2 gene encodes two mRNA isoforms of 3.0 kb (hPRR2 [short form]) and 4.4 kb (hPRR2delta [long form]), both widely expressed in human tissues, including hematopoietic cells. To further characterize PRR2 expression during hematopoiesis and to analyze its function, we have developed a monoclonal antibody (MoAb) directed against its extracellular region (R2.477). PRR2 was expressed in 96% of the CD34(+), 88% of the CD33(+), and 95% of the CD14(+) hematopoietic lineages and faintly in the CD41 compartment. Ectopic expression of both PRR2 cDNAs induced marked cell aggregation. A soluble chimeric receptor construct with the Fc fragment of human IgG1 (PRR2-Fc) as well as a fab fragment of the anti-PRR2 MoAb (R2.477) inhibit aggregation. PRR2-Fc binds specifically to PRR2-expressing cells. These results suggest that PRR2 is a homophilic adhesion receptor. PRR2 was also expressed at the surface of endothelial cells at the intercellular junctions of adjacent cells but not at the free cellular edges. Homophilic interactions are associated with dimerization of isoforms of PRR2 and lead to the tyrosine phosphorylation of PRR2delta. Altogether, these results suggest that homophilic properties of PRR2 could participate to the regulation of hematopoietic/endothelial cell functions.