Biochimica et biophysica acta

The homo-dimeric form of ADP-ribosyl cyclase in solution.

PMID 9858777


ADP-ribosyl cyclase is a multi-functional enzyme that catalyzes the formation of two Ca2+ signaling molecules, cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP). X-ray crystallography of three different crystal forms shows that it is a non-covalent dimer. Chemical cross-linking and dynamic light scattering were used in this study to determine if the cyclase is also a non-covalent dimer in solution. Treatment of the cyclase in dilute solution (0.05 mg/ml) with dimethylsuberimidate resulted in complete conversion to a species with molecular weight about twice that of the monomeric cyclase. Prolonged cross-linking of the cyclase at four times higher concentration produced also only the covalently linked dimers and no multimer formation was observed. The cross-linked dimer retained full enzymatic activity and readily catalyzed the formation of cADPR from NAD, NAADP from NADP, cyclic ADP-ribose phosphate from NADP, and cyclic GDP-ribose from nicotinamide guanine dinucleotide. Analysis of the autocorrelation functions obtained from dynamic light scattering measurements indicated the cyclase solution (2 mg/ml) was composed of a single molecular species and its diffusion coefficient was measured to be 7. 4x10-7 cm2/s. Computer modeling using the crystallographic dimensions of the non-covalent cyclase dimer, a donut shaped molecule with a central cavity and overall dimensions of 7x6x3 nm, gave a value for the diffusion coefficient essentially the same as that measured. These results indicate the cyclase is a non-covalent dimer in solution.

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