Amino acids

Adenosine A2A receptors inhibit the conductance of NMDA receptor channels in rat neostriatal neurons.

PMID 9871438


Whole-cell patch clamp experiments were carried out in rat striatal brain slices. In a subset of striatal neurons (70-80%), NMDA-induced inward currents were inhibited by the adenosine A2A receptor selective agonist CGS 21680. The non-selective adenosine receptor antagonist 8-(p-sulphophenyl)-theophylline and the A2A receptor selective antagonist 8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine abolished the inhibitory action of CGS 21680. Intracellular GDP-beta-S, which is known to prevent G protein-mediated reactions, also eliminated the effect of CGS 21680. Extracellular dibutyryl cAMP, a membrane permeable analogue of cAMP, and intracellular Sp-cAMPS, an activator of cAMP-dependent protein kinases (PKA), both abolished the CGS 21680-induced inhibition. By contrast, Rp-cAMPS and PKI 14-24 amide, two inhibitors of PKA had no effect. Intracellular U-73122 (a phospholipase C inhibitor) and heparin (an inositoltriphosphate antagonist) prevented the effect of CGS 21680. Finally, a more efficient buffering of intracellular Ca2+ by a substitution of EGTA (11 mM) by BAPTA (5.5 mM) acted like U-73122 or heparin. Hence, A2A receptors appear to negatively modulate NMDA receptor channel conductance via the phospholipase C/inositoltriphosphate/Ca2+ pathway rather than the adenylate cyclase/PKA pathway.