Gepirone and 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-piperazine in vitro: human cytochromes mediating transformation and cytochrome inhibitory effects.

PMID 9877009


Biotransformation of gepirone to its principal metabolite, 1-(2-pyrimidinyl)-piperazine (1-PP), was studied in human liver microsomes and in microsomes from cDNA-transfected human lymphoblastoid cells. Formation of 1-PP from gepirone in liver microsomes proceeded with a mean apparent Km ranging from 335 to 677 microM. Coincubation with 1 microM ketoconazole reduced reaction velocity to less than 5% of control values at a gepirone concentration of 250 microM. Three other metabolites, presumed to be hydroxylated products, were also formed from gepirone. Formation of all three products was reduced to approximately 20% of control values by 1 microM ketoconazole; quinidine at 1 microM produced a small reduction in formation (91-94% of control) of two of the metabolites. 1-PP was formed from gepirone exclusively by pure P450-3A4 with a Km of 849 microM; Km values for the other metabolites were 245, 240, and 415 microM. Two of the products were also formed by P450-2D6. The results indicate that 3A4 is the principal cytochrome mediating 1-PP formation, as well as formation of the other metabolites. The properties of gepirone and 1-PP themselves as cytochrome inhibitors were tested in human liver microsomes using index reactions representing activity of P450-1A2, -2C9, -2C19, -2D6, -2E1 and -3A. Gepirone and 1-PP produced negligible inhibition of all these reactions. Thus gepirone at therapeutic doses in humans has a low likelihood of inhibiting P450-mediated drug metabolism involving these cytochromes.

Related Materials

Product #



Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

1-(2-Pyrimidyl)piperazine, 98%