Biochimica et biophysica acta

Isolation, properties and N-terminal amino acid sequence of a factor V activator from Vipera lebetina (Levantine viper) snake venom.

PMID 9920400


A factor V activator (VLFVA) was separated from Vipera lebetina venom by gel filtration on Sephadex G-100 superfine, followed by chromatography on CM-cellulose and on heparin-agarose. This enzyme (VLFVA) with a molecular mass of 28.4 kDa, as determined by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, is a single-chain glycoprotein containing seven residues of neutral sugars, seven residues of hexosamines and three residues of neuraminic acid per molecule. The treatment with N-glycosidase F lowered the molecular mass approximately 6%. The N-terminal sequencing of VLFVA up to the 30th residue evidenced a high homology with Vipera russelli factor V activator RVV-Vgamma (90% identity). Aside from factor V, no other protein substrate for VLFVA has yet been identified. VLFVA hydrolyzes several synthetic arginine ester substrates, such as benzoylarginine ethyl ester (BAEE), tosylarginine methyl ester (TAME) and amide substrates such as Pro-Phe-Arg-MCA. The arginine ester hydrolase activity of the enzyme is markedly lower than that of the crude venom. The ability of VLFVA to activate factor V and its activity to BAEE and TAME were inhibited by the serine proteinase inhibitor, diisopropylfluorophosphate. VLFVA is thermostable protein, heating for 20 min at 70 degrees C does not alter the arginine esterase activity of the enzyme.

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