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496200 Aldrich

3-Methyl-1-butanol

biotech. grade, ≥99%

Synonym: Isoamyl alcohol, Isopentyl alcohol

  • CAS Number 123-51-3

  • Linear Formula (CH3)2CHCH2CH2OH

  • Molecular Weight 88.15

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 1718835

  •  EC Number 204-633-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00002934

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329757489

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Properties

Related Categories Biotech Solvents, Solvent Bottles, Solvent Packaging Options, Solvent by Application, Solvents,
grade   biotech. grade
vapor density   3 (vs air)
vapor pressure   2 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   PHTQWCKDNZKARW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥99%
form   liquid
autoignition temp.   644 °F
expl. lim.   1.2-9 %, 100 °F
impurities   ≤0.002 meq/g Titr. acid
  ≤0.005% (water)
  ≤0.1% carbonyl
evapn. residue   <0.0005%
color   APHA: <20
refractive index   n20/D 1.406(lit.)
bp   130 °C(lit.)
mp   −117 °C (lit.)
density   0.809 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)

Description

Application

3-Methyl-1-butanol was used as standard in GC-MS analysis of volatile compounds produced by Rhizobacteria and Spanish Honeys.

Biochem/physiol Actions

3-Methyl-1-butanol is produced as a fusel alcohol in yeast fermentation. It is a naturally-produced fuel substitute that has advantages of acting as precursor for isoamyl acetate and replacement for gasoline.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
UN1105 - class 3 - PG 3 - Pentanols
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
EL5425000
Flash Point(F) 
109.4 °F
Flash Point(C) 
43 °C
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Related Content

Pressure-Temperature Nomograph Interactive Tool

The Pressure-Temperature Nomograph tool is an application of the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation, which assumes the heat of vaporization is a constant over a pressure range. Antoine´s Equation gets aroun...
Keywords: Evaporation, Vaporization

Properties of Solvents Table

a. Gant, R., LC/GC 10 (7), 515 (1992) 1. At 20 °C 2. At 20 °C +/- 5 °C relative to water at 4 °C 3. At 10 mmHg pressure 4. At l=589.32 nm
Keywords: Gas chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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