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  • 306-05F - Human Cardiac Fibroblasts: HCF, fetal

306-05F Sigma-Aldrich

Human Cardiac Fibroblasts: HCF, fetal

  •  NACRES NA.81



Related Categories Cell Culture, Fibroblasts, Primary Cell Culture, Primary Cells
Quality Level   100
biological source   human heart (normal)
packaging   pkg of 500,000 cells
growth mode   Adherent
karyotype   2n = 46
morphology   fibroblast
application(s)   cell culture | mammalian: suitable
relevant disease(s)   cardiovascular diseases
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −196°C


General description

Cardiac fibroblasts are the most prevalent cell type in the heart, making up 60-70 % of all cells. HCF from Cell Applications, Inc. provide an excellent model system to study many aspects of human heart function and pathophysiology.

HCF has been utilized in a number of research publications, for example to:

• Determine that electrical coupling between cardiomyocytes and fibroblasts is mediated by large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels that can be stimulated by estrogen receptor agonists (Wang, 2006, 2007); and show that antimitogenic effects of estradiol on HCF growth are mediated by cytochromes 1A1/1B1-and catechol-O-methyltransferase-derived metabolites (Dubey, 2005)
• Show that in response to mechanical stretch, cardiac fibroblasts release TGF-β which causes trombomodulin downregulation, increasing the risk of thromboembolic events (Kapur, 2007) and also induces cardiac fibroblast differentiation into myofibroblasts via increased Smad2 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, that could be stimulated by endothelin-1 and inhibited by Ac-SDKP (Peng, 2010)
• Demonstrate that activation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2) prevents normal regulation of collagen synthesis in cardiac fibroblasts mimicking heart failure phenotype (D’Souza, 2011); identify FGF2 signaling pathway as potential target for modulating apoptosis in cardiac pathology (Ma, 2011) and investigate the roles of scleraxis (Bagchi, 2012) and AMPKα1 (Noppe, 2014) in scar formation following myocardial infarction
• Show that the KATP channel opener KMUP-3 preserved cardiac function after myocardial infarction by enhancing the expression of NO synthase and restoring MMP-9/TIMP-1 balance (Liu, 2011)

HCF were also shown to express delayed rectifier IK, Ito, Ca2+-activated K+ current (BKCa), inward-rectifier (Kir-type), and swelling-induced Cl- current (ICl.vol) channels (Yue, 2013).

Cell Line Origin



human heart function, neointimal formation, vascular remodeling, myocardial repair, extracellular maintenance, signaling, toxicology, gene expression, structural support for cardiomycytes, synthesis of extracellular matrix, growth factors and cytokines


Basal Medium containing 10% FBS & 10% DMSO

Preparation Note

• 1st passage, >500,000 cells in Basal Medium containing 10% FBS & 10% DMSO
• Can be cultured at least 8 doublings

Subculture Routine

Please refer to the HCF Culture Protocol.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles


Human Cardiac Fibroblasts (HCF) Culture Protocol

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