E7764 Sigma-Aldrich

Endothelin 1

≥97% (HPLC), powder

Synonym: ET-1

  • CAS Number 117399-94-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C109H159N25O32S5

  • Molecular Weight 2491.90

  •  MDL number MFCD00133305

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24894656



Related Categories Agonists, Application Index, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Biology, Cell Signaling Enzymes,
Quality Level   200
biological source   human
assay   ≥97% (HPLC)
form   powder
application(s)   ELISA: suitable
color   white
solubility   1% acetic acid: >1 mg/mL
  H2O: >1 mg/mL
storage temp.   −20°C
SMILES string   [H]N[C@H]1CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](Cc2ccccc2)NC(=O)[C@H](Cc3ccc(O)cc3)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H]4CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CO)NC1=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CO)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCSC)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCCCN)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N4)C(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc5cnc[nH]5)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N[C@@H]([C@@H](C)CC)C(=O)N[C@@H](Cc6c[nH]c7ccccc67)C(O)=O
InChI   1S/C109H159N25O32S5/c1-12-56(9)87(107(163)125-76(109(165)166)39-60-43-113-65-24-18-17-23-63(60)65)134-108(164)88(57(10)13-2)133-99(155)75(42-85(143)144)123-94(150)70(36-54(5)6)118-97(153)73(40-61-44-112-52-114-61)121-103(159)80-49-169-168-48-64(111)89(145)126-77(45-135)102(158)131-81-50-170-171-51-82(105(161)132-86(55(7)8)106(162)124-72(38-59-26-28-62(138)29-27-59)95(151)120-71(96(152)130-80)37-58-21-15-14-16-22-58)129-91(147)67(30-31-83(139)140)116-90(146)66(25-19-20-33-110)115-98(154)74(41-84(141)142)122-92(148)68(32-34-167-11)117-93(149)69(35-53(3)4)119-100(156)78(46-136)127-101(157)79(47-137)128-104(81)160/h14-18,21-24,26-29,43-44,52-57,64,66-82,86-88,113,135-138H,12-13,19-20,25,30-42,45-51,110-111H2,1-11H3,(H,112,114)(H,115,154)(H,116,146)(H,117,149)(H,118,153)(H,119,156)(H,120,151)(H,121,159)(H,122,148)(H,123,150)(H,124,162)(H,125,163)(H,126,145)(H,127,157)(H,128,160)(H,129,147)(H,130,152)(H,131,158)(H,132,161)(H,133,155)(H,134,164)(H,139,140)(H,141,142)(H,143,144)(H,165,166)/t56-,57-,64-,66-,67-,68-,69-,70-,71-,72-,73-,74-,75-,76-,77-,78-,79-,80-,81-,82-,86-,87-,88-/m0/s1
Gene Information   human ... EDN1(1906)


Amino Acid Sequence

Cys-Ser-Cys-Ser-Ser-Leu-Met-Asp-Lys-Glu-Cys-Val-Tyr-Phe-Cys-His-Leu-Asp-Ile-Ile-Trp [Disulfide Bridges: 1-15; 3-11]

General description

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is synthesized and secreted by activated endothelial cells, and is a peptide with potent vasoconstrictor activity. It is a marker for activated or dysfunctional endothelial cells. This peptide is one of the three isopeptides belonging to the endothelin family. It is also released by cardiomyocytes.


Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been used to study the production and detection of H2O2 and production of NO in the presence of ET-1, for studying the effects of ET-1 on the eNOS/inducible NOS (iNOS)/caveolin-1 expression, NO production, isoform specific PKC translocation, and PKC activity in human saphenous vein endothelial cells (HSVECs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoconstrictor, which is increased in plasma and explants of patients with uterine leiomyomas. Thus, uterine fibroids are linked to increased ET-1 levels and hypertension, which is worsened by hypoxic condtions. ET-1 RNAi and Endostar are capable of preventing the progression and invasiveness of PC-3 (prostate cancer) cells. The plasma levels of this peptide are increased in patients with atrial septal defect (ASD), and these levels might help in diagnosis of closure defects. The plasma level of ET-1 is also higher in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and this is linked to gradual worsening of pulmonary function tests.

Potent agonist for ETA and ETB endothelin receptors. Induces the production of hypoxia-inducible factor 1α, and, thus, the production of VEGF.

Other Notes

A synthetic peptide with the sequence of human and porcine Endothelin 1.

The biological source is human endothelin, which shares the same sequence

Lyophilized from 0.1% TFA in H2O

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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