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M6159 Sigma-Aldrich

α2-Macroglobulin from human plasma

BioUltra, ≥98% (SDS-PAGE)

Synonym: α2-M

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Properties

Related Categories α2-Macroglobulin, A to C, Apoptosis Enzymes, Application Index, Aspartic Protease Inhibitors,
Quality Level   200
biological source   human plasma
product line   BioUltra
assay   ≥98% (SDS-PAGE)
form   lyophilized powder
mol wt   ~720 kDa (four glycoprotein subunits)
composition   Protein, 15-30% biuret
application(s)   inhibition assay: suitable
solubility   water: soluble 10 mg protein/mL, clear, colorless
storage temp.   −20°C
Gene Information   human ... A2M(2)

Description

Application

α2-Macroglobulin was used to study impaired lipoprotein receptor-mediated peripheral binding of plasma amyloid-β which is an early biomarker for mild cognitive impairment preceding Alzheimer′s disease. It was also used in the control of the classical and the MBL pathway of complement activation.

Inhibits all classes of endoproteases by forming a complex with the protease. When the protease cleaves the macroglobulin "bait" sequence, the macroglobulin rearranges and traps the protease.

Biochem/physiol Actions

α2-Macroglobulin is found abundantly in plasma and interstitial fluids. The protease-α2-M balance plays an important role in mediating inflammatory tissue destruction. Serum levels of α2-M and protease-α2-M complexes are increased in patients with sepsis, emphysema, periodontitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and other inflammatory diseases, and oxidant inactivation of α2-M may contribute to tissue destruction during inflammation.

α2-Macroglobulin (α2M) is a multifunctional protein that is a broad spectrum protease inhibitor. α2M is a large homotetrameric glycoprotein (720 kDa) that is connected by disulfide-linked dimers which non-covalently interact to give the quaternary structure. α2M is found in normal plasma at a concentration of 220-230 mg/dl accounting for 3-5% of the total plasma protein.

Packaging

Package size based on protein content

Physical form

Lyophilized from 0.02 M Tris, 0.13 M glycine, pH 8.0, and 0.08 M trehalose

Analysis Note

Plasma from each donor has been tested and found negative for antibody to HIV-1/HIV-2, antibody to HCV and HbSAg.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Plasma Derived Proteins and Enzymes

Despite their complexity, blood and plasma are abundant biological resources for the discovery of drug targets and biomarkers for human disease. It is estimated that plasma may contain as many as 40,...
BioFiles 2006, 1.5, 2.
Keywords: Applications, Gas chromatography, Type

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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