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T7883 Sigma

Trimethoprim

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym: 2,4-Diamino-5-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl)pyrimidine, NSC 106568

  • CAS Number 738-70-5

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C14H18N4O3

  • Molecular Weight 290.32

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 625127

  •  EC Number 212-006-2

  •  MDL number MFCD00036761

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24278201

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Properties

Related Categories Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics T-Z, Biochemicals and Reagents,
InChI Key   IEDVJHCEMCRBQM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥98% (HPLC)
form   white powder
color   white to off-white
solubility   chloroform/ethanol (1:1): soluble 50 mg/mL
  DMSO: soluble
Mode of action   DNA synthesis | interferes
  enzyme | inhibits
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
  mycobacteria
storage temp.   2-8°C
Gene Information   human ... DHFRP1(573971), KCNH1(3756)
rat ... Dhfr(24312)

Description

Application

Primarily used as an antibacterial agent. Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor with selectivity for the prokaryote enzyme.

Trimethoprim is primarily used as an antibacterial agent. It has dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor activity with selectivity for the prokaryote enzyme. It is used to treat urinary tract infections, mild acute prostatitis, recurrent cystitis, asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy and respiratory tract infections.

Packaging

5G,25G,100G

Biochem/physiol Actions

The combination of trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole interferes with the cellular metabolism of folic acid in the bacterial cell by blocking the biosynthesis of nucleotides. Trimethoprim binds to dihydrofolate reductase and inhibits the reduction of dihydrofolic acid (DHF) to tetrahydrofolic acid (THF). THF is an essential precursor in the thymidine synthesis pathway and interference with this pathway inhibits bacterial DNA synthesis.

General description

Chemical structure: pyrimidine

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3
RTECS 
UV8225000

Frequently Asked Questions

Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?
If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.
How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?
The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.
How do I find price and availability?
There are several ways to find pricing and availability for our products.Once you log onto our website, you will find the price and availability displayed on the product detail page.You can contact any of our Customer Sales and Service offices to receive a quote. USA customers: 1-800-325-3010 orview local office numbers.
What is the Department of Transportation shipping information for this product?
Transportation information can be found in Section 14 of the product's (M)SDS.To access the shipping information for this material, use the link on the product detail page for the product.
Is Trimethoprim stable in solution?
Triemethoprim in a solution of 52% N,N dimethylacetamide:48% propylene glycol at 50 mg/ml is stable when stored at 25° C. There is only a 10% degradation of trimethoprim under these conditions after 885 days.
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Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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