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234486 Sigma-Aldrich

3-(Dimethylamino)propionitrile

98%

Synonym: DMAPN

  • CAS Number 1738-25-6

  • Linear Formula (CH3)2NCH2CH2CN

  • Molecular Weight 98.15

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 773779

  •  EC Number 217-090-4

  •  MDL number MFCD00001957

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24854044

  •  NACRES NA.22

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C1 to C5, Chemical Synthesis, Cyanides/Nitriles, Nitrogen Compounds - Organic Building Blocks,
assay   98%
refractive index   n20/D 1.426 (lit.)
bp   171 °C/750 mmHg (lit.)
mp   −43 °C (lit.)
density   0.87 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   CN(C)CCC#N
InChI   1S/C5H10N2/c1-7(2)5-3-4-6/h3,5H2,1-2H3
InChI key   MTPJEFOSTIKRSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Hydrogenation of 3-(dimethylamino)propionitrile over palladium catalysts has been investigated.

Application

3-(Dimethylamino)propionitrile has been used:
• to initiate the organic polymerization during the synthesis of class I hybrid poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/silica hydrogels
• in preparation of cysteine modifying agents based on the solvatochromic fluorophore 4-N,N-dimethylamino-1,8-naphthalimide (4-DMN)

Catalyst similar to TEMED used to form oxygen free radicals from ammonium persulfate. Free radicals cause acrylamide and bis-acrylamide to polymerize.

Packaging

100 mL in glass bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
WGK Germany 
WGK 1
RTECS 
UG1575000
Flash Point(F) 
145.4 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
63 °C - closed cup

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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