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240850 Sigma-Aldrich

D-Sorbitol

99%

Synonym: D-Glucitol

  • CAS Number 50-70-4

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C6H14O6

  • Molecular Weight 182.17

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1721899

  •  EC Number 200-061-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00004708

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329752554

  •  NACRES NA.21

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Properties

Related Categories Aloe Vera, Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbohydrate Chemistry, Carbohydrate Derivatives, Carbohydrates,
vapor density   <1 (vs air)
vapor pressure   <0.1 mmHg ( 25 °C)
assay   99%
form   powder
optical activity   [α]20/D +104°, c = 0.4 in acidified ammonium molybdate
mp   98-100 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   OC[C@@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)CO
InChI   1S/C6H14O6/c7-1-3(9)5(11)6(12)4(10)2-8/h3-12H,1-2H2/t3-,4+,5-,6-/m1/s1
InChI key   FBPFZTCFMRRESA-JGWLITMVSA-N

Description

Application

Sorbitol, a bacterial culture supplement, has been used for the preparation of selective plating media to culture Sorbitol-fermenting bacteria including strains of Escherichia coli and Yersinia enterocolitica. It has also been used as one of the ingredients to prepare Drosophila embryos for immunoelectron microscopy. It has also been used as an additive to glucuronoxylan as potential food packaging material.

Packaging

5, 100 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

D-Sorbitol is a sugar alcohol that is commonly used as a sugar substitute. It occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. The food industry uses D-sorbitol as an additive in the form of a sweetener, humectant, emulsifier, thickener, or dietary supplement. D-Sorbitol has also been found in cosmetics, paper, and pharmaceuticals. Naturally, D-sorbitol occurs widely in plants via photosynthesis, ranging from algae to higher order fruits of the family Rosaceae.

Sorbitol is a slowly metabolized sugar alcohol produced by reduction of glucose. In the polyol pathway, sorbitol is further oxidized to fructose by sorbitol dehydrogenase. Sorbitol does not diffuse easily across the cell membranes and may cause osmotic damage to the cells. The metabolism of sorbitol is most important in the pathology of diabetes related vascular complications.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
nwg
RTECS 
LZ4290000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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