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271845 Sigma-Aldrich

Benzyl viologen dichloride

97%

Synonym: 1,1′-Dibenzyl-4,4′-bipyridinium dichloride

  • CAS Number 1102-19-8

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C24H22Cl2N2

  • Molecular Weight 409.35

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 3811585

  •  EC Number 214-158-5

  •  MDL number MFCD00011991

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57648222

  •  NACRES NA.23

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Properties

Related Categories Materials Science, Organic and Printed Electronics, Photochromic and Thermochromic Dyes, Photonic and Optical Materials
assay   97%
mp   260 °C (dec.) (lit.)
storage temp.   room temp
SMILES string   [Cl-].[Cl-].C(c1ccccc1)[n+]2ccc(cc2)-c3cc[n+](Cc4ccccc4)cc3
InChI   1S/C24H22N2.2ClH/c1-3-7-21(8-4-1)19-25-15-11-23(12-16-25)24-13-17-26(18-14-24)20-22-9-5-2-6-10-22;;/h1-18H,19-20H2;2*1H/q+2;;/p-2
InChI key   NLOIIDFMYPFJKP-UHFFFAOYSA-L

Description

General description

Benzyl viologen dichloride (BVD) is an electrochromic indicator, which contains two chlorine atoms and an organic constituent attached with two nitrogen cations. In a redox reaction, BVD can be reduced in three states with different colors.

Application

BVD can be reduced to its neutral state by using sodium borohydride, which forms an n-type dopant for organic semiconductor based applications. It may be introduced to form a path for the transport of electrons from the thylakoid membranes to the mediator, which can be used in the fabrication of photo-driven bioanode. It also acts as a dopant with 2D layered materials to form an n-type chemical dopant that can be used to enhance the electrical properties of the triboelectric devices.

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

250 mg in glass bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
DW1930000
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Graphene in Biotechnology

Alba Centeno and Amaia Zurutuza Elorza* Graphenea S.A. Tolosa Hiribidea, 76, E-20018 Donostia - San Sebastian, Spain *Email: a.zurutuza@graphenea.com
Keywords: Adsorption, Angiogenesis, Bacterial conjugations, Building blocks, Cancer, Chemical vapor deposition, Degradations, Deposition, Diffusion, Diseases, Electronics, Gene expression, Growth factors, Immunostaining, Infrared spectroscopy, Ligands, Magnetic resonance imaging, Microscopy, Nanoelectronics, Nanomaterials, Nanotubes, Neuroscience, Nucleic acid hybridization, Positron Emission Tomography, Scanning electron microscopy, Transfection, Transmission electron microscopy

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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