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765635 Sigma-Aldrich

Gold nanoparticles

30 nm diameter, methyl terminated, PEG 2000 coated, OD 50, dispersion in H2O

Synonym: Au NP OMe, Gold Colloid, Gold nanoparticles OMe terminated

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Description

Application

Functionalized Particles have been extensively used to study cellular uptake of nanoparticles and targeted drug delivery.

Several other specific applications have been listed below:
• Since they adhere to cell membranes, AuNPs may find use in cellular and intracellular targeting in targeted drug delivery applications and may also be used in biodistribution studies.
• AuNPs may also be used in photothermal therapy and radiotherapy.
• AuNPs ranging from 10 to 250 nm, were studied to have been absorbed primarily by liver and spleen , when injected intravenously in rats.Whereas, 10 nm nanoparticles were distributed more broadly into various organs.

Packaging

1 mL in glass bottle

Features and Benefits

PEG decreases the cytotoxicity and increases efficiency of GNPs in targeted drug delivery. PEG increases the stability of the nanoparticles and prevents agglomeration. Forms complexes easily with dyes and thiol ligands.

General description

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) ranging from 2-200nm in diameter find applications in diverse fields.They show excellent biocompatibility and attractive physicochemical properties. Poly (ethylene) glycol (PEG) surface coatings on gold nanoparticles help in the reduction of protein adsorption, reduce nonspecific interactions with cells and greatly improve the pharmokinetics of these nanoparticles and reduce aggregation of the nanoparticles. PEG layer density depends inversely on the AuNP curvature. Denser coatings are possible on smaller AuNPs. The methyl group, being hydrophobic, acts as a protecting shield between the gold nanoparticles and the hydrophilic outer PEG coating and also leads to a further reduction of protein adsorption and macrophage uptake by the AuNPs.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Magnetic Nanoparticles for Cancer Theranostics

Saumya Nigam,1 Lina Pradhan,2 and D. Bahadur*3 1IITB-Monash Research Academy, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, India 2Centre for Research in Nanotechnology & Science IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, India 3Depar...
Keywords: Apoptosis, Bacterial conjugations, Cancer, Diagnostic, Magnetic resonance imaging, Materials Science, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnology, Reductions

Micro- and Nanofabricated Biomaterials for the Study of Cells and Microtissues

Phin Peng Lee, Karen E. Samy, Miquella G. Chavez, Alec Cerchiari, Tejal A. Desai* Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 9415...
Keywords: Absorption, Adhesion, Amplification, Apoptosis, Biomaterials, Cancer, Cell culture, Cell proliferation, Diffusion, Immobilization, Indicators, Infrared spectroscopy, Ligands, Magnetic resonance imaging, Materials Science, Microscopy, Molecular biology, Nanotechnology, Semiconductor, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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