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A10000 Sigma-Aldrich

Acetone cyanohydrin

99%

Synonym: α-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile, 2-Hydroxyisobutyronitrile

  • CAS Number 75-86-5

  • Linear Formula (CH3)2C(OH)CN

  • Molecular Weight 85.10

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 605391

  •  EC Number 200-909-4

  •  MDL number MFCD00004455

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24890489

  •  NACRES NA.02

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C1 to C5, Chemical Synthesis, Cyanides/Nitriles, Nitrogen Compounds - Organic Building Blocks,
Quality Level   200
vapor pressure   0.3 psi ( 20 °C)
assay   99%
contains   H3PO4 as stabilizer (Europe)
  sulfuric acid as stabilizer (US)
expl. lim.   11 %
refractive index   n20/D 1.399 (lit.)
bp   82 °C/23 mmHg (lit.)
mp   −19 °C (lit.)
density   0.932 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   CC(C)(O)C#N
InChI   1S/C4H7NO/c1-4(2,6)3-5/h6H,1-2H3
InChI key   MWFMGBPGAXYFAR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

Application

Acetone cyanohydrin can be used as a cyanide source for:
• Cyanation reactions of aryl halides, aldehydes and alcohols.
• Stereospecific epoxide ring opening.
• Strecker reaction of α-amido sulfones to synthesize α-amino nitriles.

Packaging

5, 100, 500 g in glass bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
UN 1541 6.1 / PGI
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
OD9275000
Flash Point(F) 
167.0 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
75 °C - closed cup

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Meet Synthia - Retrosynthesis Sofware
Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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