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840523P Avanti

MGDG

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (Plant), powder

Synonym: 1,2-diacyl-3-O-β-D-galactosyl-sn-glycerol

  • CAS Number 1932659-76-1

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C45H74O10

  • Molecular Weight 775.06

  •  NACRES NA.25

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Properties

Related Categories Avanti Bioactive Lipids, Avanti Polar Lipids Products, Biochemicals and Reagents, Lipids
assay   >99% (TLC)
form   powder
packaging   pkg of 1 × 5 mg (840523P-5mg)
  pkg of 2 × 5 mg (840523P-10mg)
  pkg of 5 × 5 mg (840523P-25mg)
mfr. no.   Avanti Polar Lipids, 840523P
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −20°C

Description

General description

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) are the two nonionic lipid constituents of the thylakoid membrane of higher plant chloroplasts. MGDG and DGDG are present in the membrane at 56% and 29%, respectively, of the total lipid content. DGDG is a bilayer-forming lipid, while MGDG alone will only form hexagonal-II structures.

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthesis involves generation of monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDG) from diacylglycerol (DAG) in the presence of MGlcDG synthase. The second step is epimerization of MGlcDG to MGDG. It forms nonbilayer structures and is also associated with algae and fungi.

Application

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) may be used:
• in bicelles preparation for nuclear magnetic resonance studies
• in the generation of structured MGDG for pinolenic acid enrichment
• in the preparation of liposomes
• as a lipid standard in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-ion mobility mass spectrometry (HILIC-IM-MS)

Biochem/physiol Actions

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthesis is essential for chloroplast biogenesis. It is also needed for synchronizing photosynthesis associated plastid and nucleus related gene expression. MGDG is essential for membrane lipid homeostasis during stress. In food industry, MGDG serves as an enhancer in baking and as an non-ionic emulsifier.

Packaging

5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-10mg)

5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-25mg)

5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-5mg)

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Storage & Handling of Lipids - Avanti® Polar Lipids

The following statements pertain specifically to Avanti’s lipid products for research and should not necessarily be applied to cGMP lipids intended for pharmaceutical or diagnostic applications.
Keywords: Diagnostic, Oxidations, Pharmaceutical, Solvents

Protocols

General Lipid/BSA Solubilization Protocol For Cell Delivery

Water Solutions: Solubilizing some lipids is difficult using organic solvents. Typically, lipids are suspended in methanol to aliquot, the methanol is then dried and the residue dispersed using fatty...
Keywords: Evaporation, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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