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05-321 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-Phosphotyrosine Antibody, clone 4G10

Anti-Phosphotyrosine Antibody, clone 4G10 detects tyrosine phosphorylated proteins in all species. This unique monoclonal antibody is validated for use in IC, IH, IP, WB and is backed by hundreds of publications

  •  eCl@ss 32160702

  •  NACRES NA.41

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Properties

Related Categories Alphabetical Index, Antibodies, PH-PI, Primary Antibodies
clone   4G10®, monoclonal
biological source   mouse
application(s)   immunocytochemistry: suitable
  immunohistochemistry: suitable
  immunoprecipitation (IP): suitable
  western blot: suitable
species reactivity (predicted by homology)   all
shipped in   wet ice
isotype   IgG2bκ
antibody product type   primary antibodies
Quality Level   100
mfr. no.   Upstate®

Description

General description

Some of the tyrosine residues can be tagged with a phosphate group (phosphorylated) by protein kinases. (In its phosphorylated state, it is referred to as phosphotyrosine.). Tyrosine phosphorylation is considered as one of the key steps in signal transduction and regulation of enzymatic activity.
The advent of anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies is one of significant events in signal transduction research. Before the availability of anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies, tyrosyl phospyhorylation of proteins and enzymes was investigated through hazardous and time-consuming radioactive experiments. Anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies are commonly used in western blots after the targeted proteins have been immunoprecipitated to measure the tyrosyl phosphorylation of the proteins. Anti-phosphotyrosine antibodies are also directly used on cell lysate to examine the overall change of tyrosine phosphorylation level in reponse to various treatments.

Specificity

This antibody recognizes tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins from all species.

Immunogen

Phosphotyramine-KLH

Application

Immunoprecipitation:
2-4 μg of a previous lot immunoprecipitated quantitatively the phosphotyrosine containing proteins in the lysate of a confluent culture (10 cm dish) of cells expressing an activated tyrosine kinase. To preserve phosphotyrosine, add: 0.2 mM sodium orthovanadate to the lysis buffer.

Research Category
Signaling

Research Sub Category
General Post-translation Modification

Target description

Dependent upon the molecular weight of the tyrosine phosphorylated protein being detected.

Physical form

0.1M Tris-Glycine, 0.15M NaCl, 0.05% Sodium Azide, pH 7.4. Liquid at 2-8°C.
IgG2bκ mouse monocolonal antibody produced in vitro by mouse-mouse hybridoma 4G10 (FOX-NY [NS-1 derivative] myeloma x spleen cells).

Format: Purified

Protein G-Sepharose Chromatography

Storage and Stability

Stable for 1 year at 2-8°C from date of receipt.

NOTE: DO NOT FREEZE.
For maximum recovery of the product, centrifuge the original vial prior to removing the cap. If the product has accidentally been frozen and thawed, spin it at 13,000 x g for 10 minutes at 2-8ºC. Save the supernatant for application.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Quality

Routinely evaluated on EGF-treated human A431 carcinoma cells.

Western Blot Analysis:
0.5-2 μg/mL of this lot detected tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in a modified RIPA lysate from EGF-treated human A431 carcinoma cells (Cohen, B., 1990; , Druker, B. J., 1989; Kanakura, Y., 1991).

Linkage

Replaces: MAB3090

Analysis Note

Control
Untreated A-431 (negative control) and EGF treated A-431 (positive control) whole cell lysates.
Included Positive Antigen Control: Catalog # 12-302, EGF-stimulated A431 cell lysate is provided as a free positive antigen control for western immunoblotting. Aliquot as desired, refreeze immediately, and store at -20°C. The lysate is stable for 6 months at -20°C. Before use, add 2.5 μL of 2-mercaptoethanol/100 μL of lysate and boil for 5 minutes to reduce the preparation. Load 20 μg of reduced lysate per lane for immunoblot analysis.

Other Notes

Concentration: Please refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the lot-specific concentration.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Safety Information for this product is unavailable at this time.

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles

Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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