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429700 Sigma-Aldrich

Leptin, Human, Recombinant, E. coli

Synonym: rhOB, rhOB

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Properties

Related Categories Auxiliary Proteins, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates, Other, Proteins and Derivatives More...
brand family   Calbiochem
form   Lyophilized
purity   ≥97% by SDS-PAGE
impurities   Endotoxin: ≤1.0 EU/µg leptin
shipped in   ambient
storage conditions   = -70C
  Ok to freeze

Description

Biochem/physiol Actions

ED₅₀ = 0.4-2 ng/ml as measured by its ability to induce proliferation of leptin-dependent rOB-R transfected murine BAF3 cells

General description

Recombinant, human leptin expressed in E. coli. Leptin was originally identified as a protein product of the mouse obese gene. Mice with mutations in the obese gene that block the synthesis of leptin have been found to be obese and diabetic and to have reduced activity, metabolism and body temperature. cDNA clones encoding leptin have been isolated from human, simian, mouse and rat cells. Human leptin shares approximately 84% sequence identity with the mouse protein. Human leptin cDNA encodes a 167 amino acid residue protein with a 21 amino acid signal sequence that is cleaved to yield the 146 amino acid mature protein. The expression of leptin mRNA has been shown to be restricted to adipose tissue.



A high-affinity receptor for leptin (OB-R) with homology to gp130 and the G-CSF receptor was subsequently cloned. The OB-R cytoplasmic domain transduces the leptin signal through the JAK-STAT pathway. Although OB-R mRNA was initially shown to be expressed predominantly in the choroid plexus and in the hypothalamus, more recent data also revealed the expression of this receptor in endothelial cells (Ecs). Furthermore, the angiogenic activity of leptin has been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo, suggesting a physical mechanism whereby leptin-induced angiogenesis may facilitate increased energy expenditure.

Recombinant, human leptin expressed in E. coli. Native leptin is a product of the obese (ob) gene that serves as a ligand for the OB receptor (OB-R). Mice with mutations of the ob gene have been found to be obese and diabetic and to have reduced activity, metabolism, and body temperature. Reported to reduce hepatic glucose production by blocking phosphoenolpyruvate synthesis. Note: Following complete dissolution in 15 mM HCl, add 7.5 mM sterile NaOH and bring the pH to approximately 5.2.

Other Notes

Anderwald, C., et al. 2002. Mol. Endocrinol.16, 1612.
Ookuma, M., et al. 1998. Diabetes 47, 219.
Campfield, L.A., et al. 1995. Science 269, 546.
Halaas, J.L., et al. 1995. Science 269, 543.
Pelleymounter, M.A., et al. 1995. Science 269, 540.
Zhang, Y., et al. 1994. Nature372, 425.

Reconstitution

To reconstitute lyophilized leptin, add 15 mM sterile HCl (0.5 ml/1 mg vial or 2.5 ml/5 mg vial) to the vial. After the protein is completely dissolved, add 7.5 mM sterile NaOH (0.3 ml/1mg vial or 1.5 ml/5 mg vial) to bring the pH to ~5.2. Lyophilized samples are stable for at least six months at -70°C. Upon reconstitution, this cytokine can be stored under sterile conditions at 4°C for one month or at -70°C for three months without detectable loss of activity. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles of reconstituted solutions.

Warning

Standard Handling (A)

Physical form

Lyophilized from a sterile filtered solution in PBS.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Safety Information for this product is unavailable at this time.

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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