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IP10 Millipore

Protein G Plus/Protein A-Agarose

A mixture of Protein G PLUS and Protein A covalently conjugated to agarose. Useful for purification of IgG from biological fluids.



Related Categories Antibodies, Antibody Purification and Characterization, Molecular Biology, Protein A, G, Protein A, G and L Resins,
form   slurry (Liquid)
contains   ≤0.1% sodium azide as preservative
mfr. no.   Calbiochem®
storage condition   do not freeze
storage conditions   +2C to +8C
shipped in   wet ice


General description

A mixture of Protein G PLUS and Protein A covalently conjugated to agarose. Useful for purification of IgG from biological fluids.

Designed for immunoglobulin purification at low pressure. Product size refers to the volume of packed beads.


10 ml in Plastic ampoule


Antibody Purification


Toxicity: Standard Handling (A)

Physical form

50% suspension in PBS.

Other Notes

Note: the product size refers to the volume of packed beads. This product can be used directly with serum, plasma, tissue culture media, ascites, or other biological fluids, but if sufficient quantities of starting material are available we recommend an initial clean up step. The column life will be greatly extended if aggregated proteins and lipids are removed from the immunoglobulin in the clean up step. Use 5-10 ml of packed beads per ml serum.

Recommended Protocol for IgG Purification


All concentrations stated are for working solutions, not the 10X concentrates. Caution: sodium azide is poison.

Binding/Washing Buffer: 100 mM sodium phosphate pH 7.0, 150 mM sodium chloride, 5 mM sodium EDTA, 0.01% sodium azide.

Elution Buffer A (see Note section): 500 mM ammonium acetate pH 3.0, 0.01% sodium azide.

Elution Buffer B: 10 mM glycine/HCl pH 3.0, and 0.01% sodium azide.

Neutralization Buffer: 500 mM Tris Base, 0.01% sodium azide.

Storage Buffer: 100 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.0, 0.01% sodium azide.


A. Clean Up and Concentration

Ascites and serum should be clotted at room temperature, refrigerated at 4°C overnight (to allow the clot to shrink and lipids to separate), and centrifuged multiple times to remove all clotted protein and lipid. Remove the lipid from the top of the centrifuge tube with a glass rod or small wooden stick. Tissue culture media should be centrifuged or filtered to remove aggregates.

IgG can be concentrated and partially purified by use of an ammonium sulfate precipitation step. Add ammonium sulfate to 50% saturation (313 g per L) with stirring and check the pH adjusting to 7.0 by addition of 1 M HCl or NaOH. Centrifuge to collect precipitated immunoglobulin, dissolve in binding buffer and dialyze against the same buffer.

B. Purification

1. Pack a column with the Agarose Conjugate.

2. Wash with about 20 column volumes Washing/Binding Buffer until pH of eluate is 7.0.

3. If IgG has not been previously dialyzed against binding buffers dilute or dialyze IgG-containing sample into the Washing/Binding Buffer (pH 6.5-7.5).

4. Load sample onto column.

5. Wash with Washing/Binding Buffer until the absorbance of the eluate at 280 nm approaches background level.

6. Wash with Elution Buffer A to elute IgG, and collect fractions until A280 returns to background levels.

7. Wash with Elution Buffer B, and collect fractions until A280 returns to background. Most IgG should elute with buffer A.

8. Neutralize eluted IgG fractions by addition of an equal volume of neutralization buffer and check the pH with pH paper. For best results, neutralize eluate promptly.

9. To re-use the column immediately, repeat procedure from Step 2.

10. To prepare the column for storage, wash column with 5 column volumes of Elution Buffer B.

11. To store column wash with 30 column volumes storage buffer; then seal column outlets and store in refrigerator.

12. Quantitate the purified IgG using the formula:

Absorbance at 280 nm/1.4 = Concentration (mg/ml).

To make Elution Buffer A, start with acetic acid and adjust the pH to 3.0 with ammonium hydroxide.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Safety Information for this product is unavailable at this time.
Protocols & Articles


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