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  • AP120A - Goat Anti-Human IgA Antibody, IgG, and IgM, Alkaline Phosphatase

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AP120A Sigma-Aldrich

Goat Anti-Human IgA Antibody, IgG, and IgM, Alkaline Phosphatase

Chemicon®, from goat

  •  eCl@ss 32160702

  •  NACRES NA.46

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Properties

Related Categories Alkaline Phosphatase, Antibodies, Human Polyvalent Ig Secondary Antibodies and Conjugates, Secondaries listed by Conjugate, Secondaries listed by Target Species,
Quality Level   100
biological source   goat
antibody product type   secondary antibodies
clone   polyclonal
species reactivity   human
mfr. no.   Chemicon®
application(s)   ELISA: suitable
  western blot: suitable
isotype   IgG
conjugate   alkaline phosphatase conjugate
shipped in   wet ice

Description

General description

IgG is a monomeric immunoglobulin, built of two heavy chains and two light chains. Each molecule has two antigen binding sites. This is the most abundant immunoglobulin and is approximately equally distributed in blood and in tissue liquids, constituting 75% of serum immunoglobulins in humans. This is the only isotype that can pass through the human placenta, thereby providing protection to the fetus in its first weeks of life before its own immune system has developed. It can bind to many kinds of pathogens, for example viruses, bacteria, and fungi, and protects the body against them by complement activation (classic pathway), opsonization for phagocytosis and neutralisation of their toxins. There are 4 subclasses: IgG1 (66%), IgG2 (23%), IgG3 (7%) and IgG4 (4%).

IgM normally constitutes about 10% of serum immunoglobulins. IgM antibody is prominent in early immune responses to most antigens and predominates in certain antibody responses such as ′natural′ blood group antibodies. IgM (with IgD) is the major immunoglobulin expressed on the surface of B cells.

Monomeric IgA constitutes 5-15 % of the serum immunoglobulins whereas dimeric IgA is localized to mucosa surfaces such as saliva, gastrointestinal secretion, bronchial fluids and milk. Mucosal IgA plays a major role in host defence by neutralising infectious agents at mucosal surfaces. The production is usually local and antigen specific IgA producing B-cells can be found in regions under the lamina propria where they mature into dimeric IgA producing plasma cells. IgA deficiency is the most common immunodeficiency that may affect both serum and mucosal produced IgA.

Specificity

Specific for human IgG, IgM and IgA.

Application

Goat anti-Human IgA Antibody, IgG & IgM, Alkaline Phosphatase detects level of Human IgA & has been published & validated for use in ELISA & WB.

Research Category
Secondary & Control Antibodies

Research Sub Category
Whole Immunoglobulin Secondary Antibodies

Western Blot:
1:5,000-1:50,000 dilution can be used.

Optimal working dilutions must be determined by the end user.

Quality

Routinely evaluated by Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay.

ELISA:
1:5,000-1:50,000 diltution can be used.

Physical form

ImmunoAffinity Purified

Purified goat secondary antibody IgG in lyophilized buffer containing 0.01 M Tris-HCL, 0.25 M NaCl, pH 8.0 with 15 mg/mL BSA and 0.05% sodium azide.

Storage and Stability

Store lyophilized material at 2-8°C for up to 1 year after date of receipt.
After reconstitution this product is stable for several weeks at 2-8°C as an undiluted liquid. DO NOT FREEZE. For extended storage after reconstitution, add an equal volume of glycerol (ACS grade or better) to make a final concentration of 50% glycerol and store at 2-8°C for up to 12 months.
Please note that the concentration of protein and buffer salts will decrease to one-half of the original after adding glycerol.

Legal Information

CHEMICON is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Antibody Basics

Immunoglobulins (Igs) are produced by B lymphocytes and secreted into plasma. The Ig molecule in monomeric form is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of approximately 150 kDa that is shaped more ...
Keywords: Affinity chromatography, Centrifugation, Chromatography, Digestions, Direct immunofluorescence, Gene expression, High performance liquid chromatography, Immunofluorescence, Ion Exchange, Microscopy, Precipitation, Purification, Rheumatology, Scanning electron microscopy

How to Choose a Secondary Antibody

The following information is provided to help you decide which secondary antibody may be best for your particular application.
Keywords: Amplification, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Flow cytometry, Immobilization, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Western blot

Secondary Antibodies, Conjugates and Kits

Secondary antibodies are polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies that bind to primary antibodies or antibody fragments, such as the Fc or Fab regions. They are typically labeled with probes that make the...
Keywords: Absorption, Adsorption, Amplification, Bacterial conjugations, Cancer, Digestions, Electrophoresis, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Flow cytometry, Gel electrophoresis, Gene expression, Hormones, Immobilization, Immunocytochemistry, Immunofluorescence, Immunohistochemistry, Immunology, Immunoprecipitation, Infrared spectroscopy, Microbiology, Microscopy, Purification, Vitamins, Western blot

Protocols

Western Blot Protocol | Immunoblotting Protocol

Western Blotting refers to the electrophoretic transfer of proteins from sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels to sheets of PVDF or nitrocellullose membrane, followed by immunodetection of prote...
Keywords: AGE, Buffers, Cell disruption, Detection methods, Detergents, Dialysis, Electroblotting, Electrophoresis, Enzyme activity, Gel electrophoresis, Immunoprecipitation, PAGE, Protein extraction, Purification, Sample preparations, Western blot

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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