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  • MAB3420 - Anti-Tau-1 Antibody, clone PC1C6

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MAB3420 Sigma-Aldrich

Anti-Tau-1 Antibody, clone PC1C6

  •  eCl@ss 32160702

  •  NACRES NA.41

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Properties

Related Categories Antibodies, Antibodies for Neurobiology, Antibodies to Neural Proteins, Miscellaneous, Neuroscience,
Quality Level   100
biological source   mouse
clone   PC1C6, monoclonal
species reactivity   rat, bovine, human
mfr. no.   Chemicon®
application(s)   immunofluorescence: suitable
  immunohistochemistry: suitable
  western blot: suitable
isotype   IgG2a
NCBI accession no.   NM_005910.3
  NM_016834.2
  NM_016835.2
  NM_016841.2
UniProt accession no.   P10636
shipped in   dry ice

Description

General description

Tau, a microtubulebinding protein which serves to stabilize microtubules in growing axons, is found to be hyperphosphorylated in paired helical filaments (PHF), the major fibrous component of neurofibrillary lesions associated with Alzheimer’s disease. Hyperphosphorylation of Tau is thought to be the critical event leading to the assembly of PHF. Six Tau protein isoforms have been identified, all of which are phosphorylated by glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK 3). Cellular and subcellular localization: In situ, anti-tau-1 has a stringent specificity for the axons of neurons. The antibody does not stain the cell bodies or dendrites of neurons, nor does it stain any other cell type (4). However, this in vivo intracellular specificity is not maintained in culture: anti-tau-1 stains the axon, cell bodies, and dendrites of rat hippocampal neurons grown in culture (5). The specificity of anti-tau-1 was originally thought to represent the restricted expression of tau to axons. Later studies revealed that this specificity is dependant on the state of phosphorylation. In dephosphorylated samples (samples treated with alkaline phosphatase) anti-tau-1 stains astrocytes, perineuronal glial cells, and the axons, cell bodies and dendrites of neurons, while in untreated samples, anti-tau-1 stains only axons (6). (The epitope recognized by anti-tau-1 is probably at or near a phosphorylated site.)

Specificity

Binds to all known electrophoretic species of tau in human, rat and bovine brain (one-dimensional SDS-PAGE). However there is some unphosphorylated bias with clone PC1C6 as it seem to recognize only dephosphorylated serine sites at 195, 198, 199, and 202 {Szendrei, et al 1993; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi-cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=7680727}. Also see Billingsley & Kincaid, 1997 Biochem J 323:577-591 for additional mapping information on PC1C6.

Immunogen

Purified denatured bovine microtubule associated proteins.

Application

Research Category
Neuroscience

Research Sub Category
Neurodegenerative Diseases

Western blot: Bovine brain microtubule proteins purified by two cycles of assembly and disassembly (9) are dissolved in SDS-PAGE sample buffer. Five micrograms of the microtuble preparation per lane is loaded onto a 4% to 20% SDS-PAGE gradient gel along side molecular weight markers (14.3 - 200 kD). After separation by electrophoresis, the proteins are blotted onto nitrocellulose. Tau is detected as a series of 5 bands (52-68 kD) with approximately 5 ng/mL of anti-tau1.

Immunofluorescence: A 1:1000 dilution of this antibody detected Tau in mouse primary neurons. (Basnet, N., et al. (2018). Nat. Cell Biol. 20(10); 1172-1180.

Immunohistochemistry: 5 μg/mL; stains axons in tissue primarily, however in culture Tau expression is not restricted to just axons.

Optimal working dilutions must be determined by end user.

Immunohistochemistry Protocol

Dephosphorylation of tissue sections (optional)

Dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase is recommended for staining neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer′s brain tissue with anti-tau-1 (6). This treatment changes the staining pattern of anti-tau-1 to include cell bodies, dendrites and axons of neurons. In untreated samples, anti-tau-1 stains axons only.

1. Incubate tissue sections at +32°C for 2.5 hours with constant agitation in the following solution: 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0; 130 units/mL alkaline phosphatase, 1 mM PMSF, 10 μg/mL pepstatin and 10 μg/mL leupeptin.

2. Rinse sections twice, 3 min per rinse, with 100 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.0.

Anti-tau-1 staining

1. Block non-specific binding by incubating sections in PBS containing 1% (v/v) normal animal serum, and 0.03% (w/v) Triton X-100. The animal serum should be from the same species as the secondary antibody.

2. Rinse 3 times with PBS, 3 min per rinse.

3. Incubate sections with anti-tau-1, approximately 5 μg/mL, diluted in PBS containing 1% (v/v) normal animal serum.

4. Wash with PBS, changing the solution 3 times over a 3 min period.

5. Detect with a standard secondary antibody detection system (10-13).

Target description

5 bands (52–68 kDa)

Linkage

Replaces: AB1512

Physical form

0.02M phosphate buffer, pH 7.6, 0.25M NaCl, and 0.1% sodium azide

Format: Purified

Protein A Purfied

Storage and Stability

Maintain for 1 year at -20°C from date of shipment. Aliquot to avoid repeated freezing and thawing. For maximum recovery of product, centrifuge the original vial after thawing and prior to removing the cap.

Analysis Note

Control
Alzheimer′s brain tissue (dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase is recommended for staining neurofibrillary tangles in Alzheimer’s brain tissue) or human T98G glioblastoma cells

Other Notes

Concentration: Please refer to the Certificate of Analysis for the lot-specific concentration.

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Safety Information for this product is unavailable at this time.
Protocols & Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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