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SCC064 Sigma-Aldrich

LX-2 Human Hepatic Stellate Cell Line

The LX-2 human hepatic stellate cell line has been extensively characterized and retain key features of hepatic stellate cytokine signaling, neuronal gene expression, retinoid metabolism, and fibrogenesis , making them a highly suitable model of human hepatic fibrosis.

Synonym: HSC, Perisinusoidal cells, Ito cells, Hepatic lipocytes, Hepatic pericytes

  •  eCl@ss 32011203

  •  NACRES NA.75



biological source   human
application(s)   cell culture | stem cell: suitable
shipped in   liquid nitrogen


General description

Hepatic stellate cells are a major cell type responsible for liver fibrosis following their activation into fibrogenic myofibroblast-like cells in diseases such as chronic alcoholism, hepatitis B and C, fatty liver disease, obesity and diabetes. There is an increasing need for renewable cell culture models that faithfully recapitulate their in vivo phenotype, particularly for human studies.

LX-2 was generated by immmortalization of primary human hepatic stellate cells with the SV40 large T antigen followed by selective culture of early passaged cells in low serum media conditions.

Immortalized LX-2 was established by Xu et al to overcome issues of culture variability and to provide a stable and unlimited source of human hepatic stellate cells that are homogeneous. These cell lines have been extensively characterized and retain key features of cytokine signaling, neuronal gene expression, retinoid metabolism, and fibrogenesis, making them highly suitable for culture based studies of human hepatic fibrosis.


Research Category
Infectious Diseases

Inflammation & Immunology

Stem Cell Research


1) ≥1X106 viable LX-2 Human Hepatic Stellate Cells: (Catalog No. SCC064). Store in liquid nitrogen.


• Each vial contains ≥ 1X106 viable cells.
• Cells are tested by PCR and are negative for Hepatitis A, B, C and HIV-1 & 2 viruses.
• Cells are negatrive for mycoplasma contamination.

Storage and Stability

LX-2 cells should be stored in liquid nitrogen. The cells can be passage for at least 10 passages without significantly affecting the cell marker expression and functionality. LX-2 cells have been successfully expanded past passage 50 in culture.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Safety Information for this product is unavailable at this time.


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers


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