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γ-Aminobutyric acid

analytical standard

Synonym: 3-Carboxypropylamine, 4-Aminobutanoic acid, GABA, Piperidic acid, Piperidinic acid

  • CAS Number 56-12-2

  • Linear Formula NH2(CH2)3COOH

  • Molecular Weight 103.12

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 906818

  •  EC Number 200-258-6

  •  MDL number MFCD00008226

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329747825

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Properties

Related Categories A-F, A-L, All Alphabetically Sorted, Amino Acid Standards, Amino Acid, Peptide & Protein Standards,
grade   analytical standard
InChI Key   BTCSSZJGUNDROE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥97.0% (HPLC)
shelf life   limited shelf life, expiry date on the label
impurities   ≤1.0% water
mp   195 °C (dec.) (lit.)
Featured Industry   Cosmetics, Personal Care, and Cleaning Products
Food and Beverages
analyte suitability   amino acids
  peptides
  proteins

Description

General description

γ-Aminobutyric acid is a chief inhibitory neurotransmitter, which is found in the cerebellum, hypothalamus, thalamus and hippocampus. It is formed via the decarboxylation of L-glutamate catalyzed by the enzyme, glutamic acid decarboxylase(GAD).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Major inhibitory neurotransmitter in brain; GABAA and GABAB receptor agonist; increases Cl conductance.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
ES6300000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Milli-Q® Water Purification Solutions
Protocols & Articles

Articles

LC/MS Analysis of Equine Performance-Enhancing Dopants GABA and AICAR on Ascentis® Express HILIC

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents LC/MS Analysis of Equine Performance-Enhancing Dopants GABA and AICAR on Ascentis® Express HILIC
Keywords: Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography, Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, Mass spectrometry, Separation, Solvents

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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