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Furfural

analytical standard

Synonym: 2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde

  • CAS Number 98-01-1

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C5H4O2

  • Molecular Weight 96.08

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 105755

  •  EC Number 202-627-7

  •  MDL number MFCD00003229

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329747960

  •  NACRES NA.24

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Properties

Related Categories A-F, A-L, Alcoholic & Nonalcoholic Beverages, Aldehyde, All Alphabetically Sorted,
grade   analytical standard
  analytical standard
vapor density   3.31 (vs air)
vapor pressure   13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)
InChI Key   HYBBIBNJHNGZAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥98.5% (GC)
autoignition temp.   599 °F
shelf life   limited shelf life, expiry date on the label
expl. lim.   19.3 %
impurities   ≤0.5% water
refractive index   n20/D 1.522-1.528
  n20/D 1.525 (lit.)
bp   162 °C(lit.)
mp   −36 °C (lit.)
density   1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
Featured Industry   Cosmetics, Personal Care, and Cleaning Products
Food and Beverages

Description

General description

Furfural is a furan derivative obtained from renewable biomass-derived carbohydrates.

Application

Furfural is a sustainable alternative for petroleum-based building blocks used in the production of fine chemicals, plastics, etc and also offers a promising, rich platform for lignocellulosic biofuels.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
RIDADR 
UN1199 - class 6.1 - PG 2 - Furaldehydes
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
LT7000000
Flash Point(F) 
141.8 °F
Flash Point(C) 
61 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 °Carbopack™ B AW)

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Fermentation Compounds on a Packed Column (6.6% Carbowax® 20M on 80/120 °Carbopack™ B AW)
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Purification

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Acacia Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/CarboxenPDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Acacia Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/CarboxenPDMS Fiber
Keywords: Agriculture, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Purification, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Citrus Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Citrus Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Agriculture, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Purification, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Eucalyptus Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Eucalyptus Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Agriculture, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Purification, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Milk Thistle Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after Dynamic Headspace (DHS) using 20/35 Tenax® TA Tube

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Milk Thistle Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after Dynamic Headspace (DHS) using 20/35 Tenax® TA Tube
Keywords: Air Monitoring, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Purification

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Milk Thistle Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Milk Thistle Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Agriculture, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Purification, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Multifloral Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using a 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Multifloral Honey on SUPELCOWAX® 10 after SPME using a 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Agriculture, Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Purification, Separation, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Volatiles in Roasted Coffee Beans on Omegawax® after SPME using a 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Volatiles in Roasted Coffee Beans on Omegawax® after SPME using a 50/30 μm DVB/Carboxen/PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Chromatography, Gas chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase microextractions

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express C18
Keywords: Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography, Separation

HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis® Express Phenyl-Hexyl as listed in ASTM method D5837-99

This application demonstrates the suitability of Ascentis Express Hexyl-Phenyl for the efficient separation of furans as listed in ASTM method D5837-99.
Keywords: Chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography, Separation

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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