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16016 Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, ≥99.5% (GC), crystalline (detached)

Synonym: Hydroxybenzene

  • CAS Number 108-95-2

  • Linear Formula C6H5OH

  • Molecular Weight 94.11

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 969616

  •  EC Number 203-632-7

  •  MDL number MFCD00002143

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57647539

  •  NACRES NA.21

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Properties

Related Categories Building Blocks, C6 to C8, Chemical Synthesis, Organic Building Blocks, Oxygen Compounds,
Quality Level   200
vapor density   3.24 (vs air)
vapor pressure   0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
  0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)
grade   puriss.
assay   ≥99.5% (GC)
  99.0-100.5% (calc. on H2O free substance)
form   crystalline (detached)
autoignition temp.   1319 °F
quality   meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP
expl. lim.   8.6 %
impurities   acidic reac. Impurities, in accordance
  organic volatile impurities, in accordance (GC)
  residual solvents, complies
  ≤0.05% non-volatile matter
  ≤0.3% water (Karl Fischer)
bp   182 °C (lit.)
mp   40-42 °C (lit.)
transition temp   solidification point ≥40 °C
density   1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
suitability   in accordance for appearance of solution
Agency/Method   complies with USP (identity)
SMILES string   Oc1ccccc1
InChI   1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H
InChI key   ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.

Application

Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Danger
RIDADR 
UN 1671 6.1 / PGII
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
SJ3325000
Flash Point(F) 
174.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
79 °C

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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Description

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901590 Phenol solution, 1.0 M in THF
901604 Phenol solution, 1 M in dichloromethane

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