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185450 Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

unstabilized, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym: Hydroxybenzene

  • CAS Number 108-95-2

  • Linear Formula C6H5OH

  • Molecular Weight 94.11

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 969616

  •  EC Number 203-632-7

  •  MDL number MFCD00002143

  •  eCl@ss 39023301

  •  PubChem Substance ID 24851141

  •  NACRES NA.21

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Properties

Related Categories Acids and Bases, Biochemicals and Reagents, Cell Biology, Denaturation, Nutrition Research,
Quality Level   200
grade   ReagentPlus®
vapor density   3.24 (vs air)
vapor pressure   0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
  0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)
assay   ≥99%
form   crystalline (flakes)
  crystalline (solid)
  crystals
autoignition temp.   1319 °F
expl. lim.   8.6 %
bp   182 °C (lit.)
mp   40-42 °C (lit.)
solubility   water: soluble 84 g/L at 20 °C
density   1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   Oc1ccccc1
InChI   1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H
InChI key   ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Gene Information   human ... GABRA1(2554)

Description

General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed. It can undergo oxidation in the presence of Fentons′ reagent in aqueous solution.

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.

Application

Phenol may be employed in the following studies:
• Isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis.
• Berthelot color reaction for the estimation of ammonia.
• Preparation of phenetole (aromatic ether) and 1,2-dihydroxybenzene (catechol).
• Synthesis of phenoxyacetic acid.

Phenol may be used in the following processes:
• As a phase-transfer catalyst in electrolyte solutions of lithium-O2 battery to promote solution phase discharge.
• Preparation of phenol-sulfuric acid reagent for colorimetric determination of total sugar content.

Packaging

100, 500 g in poly bottle

2.5 kg in poly bottle

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Danger
RIDADR 
UN 1671 6.1 / PGII
WGK Germany 
2
Flash Point(F) 
174.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
79 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

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901590 Phenol solution, 1.0 M in THF
901604 Phenol solution, 1 M in dichloromethane

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