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251364 Sigma-Aldrich

Formic acid

ACS reagent, ≥96.0%

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Properties

Related Categories Acids, Acids & Bases, Chemical Synthesis, Organic Acids, Synthetic Reagents More...
grade   ACS reagent
vapor density   1.6 (vs air)
vapor pressure   44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)
assay   ≥96.0%
autoignition temp.   1004 °F
expl. lim.   57 %
dilution test   passes test
impurities   ≤0.4% Acetic acid
evapn. residue   ≤0.003%
color   APHA: ≤15
refractive index   n20/D 1.370 (lit.)
bp   100-101 °C (lit.)
mp   8.2-8.4 °C (lit.)
density   1.22 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
anion traces   chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
  sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%
  sulfite (SO32-): passes test
cation traces   Fe: ≤0.001%
  NH4+: ≤0.005%
  heavy metals (as Pb): ≤0.001%
SMILES string   OC=O
InChI   1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)
InChI key   BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

Application

Versatile reagent used for formylation, hydrolysis, and cyclocondensations.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Supplemental Hazard Statements 
EUH071
RIDADR 
UN 1779 3(8) / PGII
WGK Germany 
WGK 1
RTECS 
LQ4900000
Flash Point(F) 
121.1 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
49.5 °C - closed cup

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

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