310328 Sigma-Aldrich

Propylene carbonate

anhydrous, 99.7%

Synonym: 1,2-Propanediol cyclic carbonate, 4-Methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one

  • CAS Number 108-32-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C4H6O3

  • Molecular Weight 102.09

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 107913

  •  EC Number 203-572-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00005385

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57648504



Related Categories Alternative Energy, Anhydrous Solvents, Electrolytes, Lithium-Ion Batteries, Materials Science,
grade   anhydrous
vapor pressure   0.13 mmHg ( 20 °C)
  0.98 mmHg ( 50 °C)
assay   99.7%
autoignition temp.   851 °F
expl. lim.   14.3 %
impurities   <0.002% water
  <0.005% water (100 mL pkg)
refractive index   n20/D 1.421(lit.)
bp   240 °C(lit.)
mp   −55 °C (lit.)
density   1.204 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)



1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™

100, 500 mL in Sure/Seal™


Propylene carbonate may be used as a solvent for the asymmetric hydrogenation of nonfunctionalized olefins.

General description

Propylene carbonate can be synthesized from propylene oxide and CO2. Optically active form of propylene carbonate can be prepared from the reaction between CO2 and racemic epoxides. Decomposition of propylene carbonate on the graphite electrode in lithium batteries results in the formation of a lithium intercalated compound.

Propylene carbonate is a cyclic carbonate that is commonly used as a solvent and as a reactive intermediate in organic synthesis. It is being considered as a potential electrochemical solvent due to its low vapor pressure, high dielectric constant and high chemical stability.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
240.8 °F
Flash Point(C) 
116 °C


Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

LC-MS Grade Solvents and Reagents
Protocols & Articles


Complex Hydrides: A New Category of Solid-state Lithium Fast-ion Conductors

Research and development of solid-state lithium fast-ion conductors is crucial because they can be potentially used as solid electrolytes in all-solid-state batteries, which may solve the safety and ...
Motoaki Matsuo,1 Hiroyuki Oguchi,1,2 Hideki Maekawa,2 Hitoshi Takamura,2Shin-ichi Orimo,1*
Material Matters Volume 5 Article 4
Keywords: Calorimetry, Deposition, Diffraction, Diffusion, Melting, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Search, Spectra, Spectroscopy, Substitutions, Support, X-Ray diffraction, transformation

Electrolyte Reagents for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Introduction Battery grade electrolytes Solvents and additives Preparation of customized battery grade electrolyte solutions Materials References
Dr. Koji Abe
Advanced Energy Materials R&D Center, Chemicals Company, UBE Industries, Ltd.
Keywords: Acid value, Industries, Solvents

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Scaling Up High-Energy Cathode Materials for Electric Vehicles

Young Ho Shin, Ozgenur Kahvecioglu Feridun, Gregory Krumdick Materials Engineering Research Facility, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL, 60439 Emai...
Keywords: Crystallization, Diffraction, Lithiations, Microscopy, Oxidations, Precipitation, Scanning electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction

Related Content

Pressure-Temperature Nomograph Interactive Tool

The Pressure-Temperature Nomograph tool is an application of the Clausius-Clapeyron Equation, which assumes the heat of vaporization is a constant over a pressure range. Antoine´s Equation gets aroun...
Keywords: Evaporation, Vaporization

Properties of Solvents Table

a. Gant, R., LC/GC 10 (7), 515 (1992) 1. At 20 °C 2. At 20 °C +/- 5 °C relative to water at 4 °C 3. At 10 mmHg pressure 4. At l=589.32 nm
Keywords: Gas chromatography, High performance liquid chromatography

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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