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310328 Sigma-Aldrich

Propylene carbonate

anhydrous, 99.7%

Synonym: 1,2-Propanediol cyclic carbonate, 4-Methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one

  • CAS Number 108-32-7

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C4H6O3

  • Molecular Weight 102.09

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 107913

  •  EC Number 203-572-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00005385

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57648504

  •  NACRES NA.21

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Properties

Related Categories Alternative Energy, Anhydrous Solvents, Electrolytes, Lithium-Ion Batteries, Materials Science,
Quality Level   100
grade   anhydrous
vapor pressure   0.13 mmHg ( 20 °C)
  0.98 mmHg ( 50 °C)
assay   99.7%
form   liquid
autoignition temp.   851 °F
expl. lim.   14.3 %
impurities   <0.002% water
  <0.005% water (100 mL pkg)
refractive index   n20/D 1.421 (lit.)
pH   7 (20 °C, 200 g/L)
bp   240 °C (lit.)
mp   −55 °C (lit.)
density   1.204 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   CC1COC(=O)O1
InChI   1S/C4H6O3/c1-3-2-6-4(5)7-3/h3H,2H2,1H3
InChI key   RUOJZAUFBMNUDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Propylene carbonate can be synthesized from propylene oxide and CO2. Optically active form of propylene carbonate can be prepared from the reaction between CO2 and racemic epoxides. Decomposition of propylene carbonate on the graphite electrode in lithium batteries results in the formation of a lithium intercalated compound.

Propylene carbonate is a cyclic carbonate that is commonly used as a solvent and as a reactive intermediate in organic synthesis. It is being considered as a potential electrochemical solvent due to its low vapor pressure, high dielectric constant and high chemical stability.

Application

Propylene carbonate may be used as a solvent for the asymmetric hydrogenation of nonfunctionalized olefins.

Packaging

1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™

100, 500 mL in Sure/Seal™

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 1
RTECS 
FF9650000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Complex Hydrides: A New Category of Solid-state Lithium Fast-ion Conductors

1Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University Katahira 2-1-1, Sendai, 980-8577, Japan 2Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University Aramaki Aza Aoba 6-6-02, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan
Motoaki Matsuo,1 Hiroyuki Oguchi,1,2 Hideki Maekawa,2 Hitoshi Takamura,2Shin-ichi Orimo,1
Material Matters Volume 5 Article 4
Keywords: Calorimetry, Deposition, Diffraction, Diffusion, Melting, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Spectroscopy, Substitutions, X-Ray diffraction, transformation

Electrolyte Reagents for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Introduction Battery grade electrolytes Solvents and additives Preparation of customized battery grade electrolyte solutions Materials References
Dr. Koji Abe
Advanced Energy Materials R&D Center, Chemicals Company, UBE Industries, Ltd.
Keywords: Acid value, Industries, Solvents

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Scaling Up High-Energy Cathode Materials for Electric Vehicles

Young Ho Shin, Ozgenur Kahvecioglu Feridun, Gregory Krumdick Materials Engineering Research Facility, Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL, 60439 Emai...
Keywords: Crystallization, Diffraction, Lithiations, Microscopy, Oxidations, Precipitation, Scanning electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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