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76929 Sigma-Aldrich

1-Pentanol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym: n-Amyl alcohol, Pentyl alcohol

  • CAS Number 71-41-0

  • Linear Formula CH3(CH2)4OH

  • Molecular Weight 88.15

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1730975

  •  EC Number 200-752-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00002977

  •  PubChem Substance ID 57652667

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Properties

Related Categories ACS Grade Solvents, ACS and Reagent Grade Solvents, Analytical Reagents, Analytical Reagents for General Use, Analytical/Chromatography,
grade   ACS reagent
vapor density   3 (vs air)
vapor pressure   1 mmHg ( 13.6 °C)
  1.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   AMQJEAYHLZJPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
grade   puriss. p.a.
assay   ≥99.0% (GC)
form   liquid (clear)
expl. lim.   10 %, 100 °F
impurities   substances darkened by H2SO4, in accordance
  ≤0.005% free acid (as CH3COOH)
  ≤0.1% carbonyl compounds (as HCHO)
  ≤0.1% water
evapn. residue   ≤0.002%
refractive index   n20/D 1.409 (lit.)
  n20/D 1.410
bp   136-138 °C(lit.)
mp   −78 °C (lit.)
density   0.811 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
cation traces   Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
  Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤0.5 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Na: ≤1 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

Description

General description

1-Pentanol is a linear alcohol. Pentane, a ″next generation″ alcohol fuel, is a promising substitute of conventional gasoline and diesel fuels. Its combustion characteristics have been investigated. Kinetics of thermal decomposition of its isomeric forms (1-pentanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, and 3-methyl-1-butanol) have been reported.

Application

1-Pentanol may be used as a cosurfactant in the water-in-oil mixed surfactant microemulsions.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
UN1105 - class 3 - PG 3 - Pentanols
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SB9800000
Flash Point(F) 
120.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
49 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Dispensette™ S
Protocols & Articles

Articles

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Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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