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Ethyl formate

analytical standard

Synonym: Formic acid ethyl ester

  • CAS Number 109-94-4

  • Linear Formula HCOOC2H5

  • Molecular Weight 74.08

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 906769

  •  EC Number 203-721-0

  •  MDL number MFCD00003294

  •  eCl@ss 39022251

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329769660

  •  NACRES NA.24

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Properties

Related Categories A-F, A-L, Additional Standards, Alcoholic & Nonalcoholic Beverages, All Alphabetically Sorted,
Quality Level   100
grade   analytical standard
vapor density   2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure   15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
  3.79 psi ( 20 °C)
assay   ≥99.5% (GC)
form   neat
autoignition temp.   851 °F
shelf life   limited shelf life, expiry date on the label
expl. lim.   16 %
application(s)   HPLC: suitable
  gas chromatography (GC): suitable
refractive index   n20/D 1.359 (lit.)
  n20/D 1.360
bp   52-54 °C (lit.)
mp   −80 °C (lit.)
density   0.921 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)
Featured Industry   Agriculture
Cleaning Products
Cosmetics
Environmental
Flavors and Fragrances
Food and Beverages
Personal Care
format   neat
SMILES string   CCOC=O
InChI   1S/C3H6O2/c1-2-5-3-4/h3H,2H2,1H3
InChI key   WBJINCZRORDGAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Ethyl formate belongs to the group of ethyl esters, which can be synthesized via the reaction between formic acid and ethanol in the presence of sulfuric acid, under thermal conditions.

Application

Ethyl formate may be used as an analytical standard for the determination of the analyte in fruits, bread pre-ferment brew, alcoholic beverages, smog and gasoline samples by gas chromatography (GC) based techniques.

Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Target organs 
Respiratory system
RIDADR 
UN1190 - class 3 - PG 2 - Ethyl formate
WGK Germany 
WGK 1
RTECS 
LQ8400000
Flash Point(F) 
-2.2 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
-19 °C - closed cup
Protocols & Articles

Articles

GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on Equity®-1 after SPME using 100 μm PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on Equity®-1 after SPME using 100 μm PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Pharmaceutical, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on Equity®-5

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on Equity®-5
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Pharmaceutical, Size-exclusion chromatography

GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on OVI-G43

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on OVI-G43
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Pharmaceutical, Size-exclusion chromatography

GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on SUPELCOWAX® 10

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on SUPELCOWAX® 10
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Pharmaceutical, Size-exclusion chromatography

GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on VOCOL® after SPME using 100 μm PDMS Fiber

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Class 3 Residual Solvents on VOCOL® after SPME using 100 μm PDMS Fiber
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Pharmaceutical, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase microextractions

GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on Equity®-1701

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on Equity®-1701
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography

GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on Equity®-1

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on Equity®-1
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Purification, Size-exclusion chromatography

GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on SUPELCOWAX 10

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Industrial Solvents on SUPELCOWAX 10
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Purification

GC Analysis of Solvents on a Packed Column (3% SP-1500 on Carbopack™ B)

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of Solvents on a Packed Column (3% SP-1500 on Carbopack™ B)
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography, Purification

GC Analysis of a 12-Component Esters and Ethers Mix on SLB®-IL60, Comparison to a Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Column

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of a 12-Component Esters and Ethers Mix on SLB®-IL60, Comparison to a Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Column
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography

GC Analysis of a 56-Component Industrial Solvents Mix on SLB®-IL60, Comparison to a Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Column

From our library of Articles, Sigma-Aldrich presents GC Analysis of a 56-Component Industrial Solvents Mix on SLB®-IL60, Comparison to a Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) Column
Keywords: Chromatography, Flame ionization detector, Gas chromatography

Related Content

Flavor and Fragrance Analysis

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Keywords: Calorimetry, Chromatography, Environmental, Gas chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Pesticides, Sample preparations, Separation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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