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A4718 Sigma-Aldrich

Agarose

for molecular biology

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Properties

Related Categories Agarose, Agarose Gel, Core Bioreagents, Life Science Reagents for Cloning, Life Science Reagents for DNA/RNA Electrophoresis,
Quality Level   200
biological source   algae (marine)
grade   for molecular biology
form   powder
application(s)   electrophoresis: suitable
EEO   ≤0.05
mp   ≤75 °C (3% gel)
transition temp   gel point ≤35 °C (3% gel)
foreign activity   DNase, RNase, NICKase, none detected
storage temp.   room temp
InChI   1S/C24H38O19/c25-1-5-9(27)11(29)12(30)22(38-5)41-17-8-4-36-20(17)15(33)24(40-8)43-18-10(28)6(2-26)39-23(14(18)32)42-16-7-3-35-19(16)13(31)21(34)37-7/h5-34H,1-4H2/t5-,6-,7+,8+,9+,10+,11+,12-,13+,14-,15+,16-,17-,18+,19+,20+,21-,22+,23+,24+/m1/s1
InChI key   MJQHZNBUODTQTK-WKGBVCLCSA-N

Description

General description

Agarose is a polymer extracted from agar or agar-bearing marine algae. This purified linear galactan hydrocolloid comprises alternating co-polymers D-galactose and 3,6-anhydro-L-galactose units connected by α-(1→3) and β-(1→4) glycosidic bonds. Agarose is highly biocompatible and possesses variable mechanical and diffusion properties. Agarose can be used as a gelling agent, to separate nucleic acids electrophoretically.

Application

Agarose has been used in the preparation of microgel slides employed in lysis and electrophoresis. It has also been used in the gel electrophoresis to separate restriction enzyme digested products in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) genotyping

Packaging

25, 100 g in poly bottle

Analysis Note

The following is a list of properties associated with our agaroses:
Sulfate content - used as an indicator of purity, since sulfate is the major ionic group present.
Gel strength - the force that must be applied to a gel to cause it to fracture.
Gel point - the temperature at which an aqueous agarose solution forms a gel as it cools. Agarose solutions exhibit hysteresis in the liquid-to-gel transition - that is, their gel point is not the same as their melting temperature.
Electroendosmosis (EEO) - a movement of liquid through the gel. Anionic groups in an agarose gel are affixed to the matrix and cannot move, but dissociable counter cations can migrate toward the cathode in the matrix, giving rise to EEO. Since electrophoretic movement of biopolymers is usually toward the anode, EEO can disrupt separations because of internal convection.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Single- & multi-channel pipettes from BRAND
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Creating Transgenic Mice using CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing

While several genome editing tools have been developed in recent years, including zinc finger-based strategies and TALENs (transcription activator-like effector nucleases), none have been as efficien...
Keywords: Amplification, Cell culture, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Gene expression, Genetic, Genetics, Immunohistochemistry, Immunology, Nutrition, Polymerase chain reaction, Recombination, Southern blot, Transcription, Transfection, Western blot

Related Content

Agarose Selection Guide

Agarose Selection Guide – Click on the Product Number to Purchase Specialty Agarose – Click on the Product Number to Purchase
Keywords: Cell culture, Electrophoresis, Immunodiffusion, Immunoelectrophoresis, Molecular biology, Protein electrophoresis, Separation

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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