B3883 Millipore

Bile bovine

dried, unfractionated

Synonym: Ox gall powder



Related Categories Application Index, Base Ingredients for Media, Bile, Biochemicals and Reagents, Enzymes, Inhibitors, and Substrates,
Quality Level   200
form   dried, unfractionated
application(s)   microbiology: suitable (preparation)
storage temp.   room temp


General description

Bile is a yellow-green aqueous solution. It consists of 70% bile salts, 22% phospholipids, 4% cholesterol, 3% proteins and 0.3% bilirubin. It is produced from cholesterol in liver hepatocytes. It is usually stored in the gallbladder.


Bile bovine has been used:
• in De Man, Rogosa and Sharpe agar (MRS) broth for the growth test under high bile-salt condition
• as a component in MRS to grow Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis 200+,to study the effect of bile salts on cell morphology
• as a component in brain heart infusion (BHI) broth for broth assays to study its effects on Enterococcus faecalis V583


25, 100, 500 g in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bile acids plays a physiological role in the removal of cholesterol from the body. It also participates in the intestinal solubilization and absorption of lipids.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Certificate of Origin (COO)

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Protocols & Articles


Microbiology Introduction

An initial aim of all microbiologists is the reproducible growth of their microbial cultures, no matter whether the microorganisms are of natural origin or have been genetically engineered by man. Re...
Keywords: Absorption, Aerobic, Anaerobic, Antibiotics, Antimicrobials, Buffers, Culture media, Diffusion, Environmental, Filtration, Genetic, Growth factors, Metabolism, Phase transitions, Precipitation, Reductions, Respiration, Sample preparations, Vitamins

Probiotics and Human Health

At the beginning of the 20th century, probiotics were thought to have a beneficial effect to the host by improving the intestinal microbial balance. Through his studies and observations, the Russian ...
Chloe McClanahan
BioFiles Edition 6.2
Keywords: AGE, Absorption, Adhesion, Amplification, Anaerobic, Antimicrobials, Cancer, Carcinogens, Cell proliferation, Chromatography, Coagulation, Detoxification, Diagnostic, Diseases, Enzyme activity, Fermentation, Gas chromatography, Gastrointestinal, High performance liquid chromatography, Inflammation, Magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Metabolism, Metabolites, Molecular biology, Nucleic acid hybridization, PAGE, Pharmaceutical, Phosphorylations, Polymerase chain reaction, Prebiotics, Probiotics, Reductions, Respiratory, Sequencing, Thin layer chromatography, Titrations

Peer-Reviewed Papers


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