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K4000 Sigma-Aldrich

Kanamycin sulfate from Streptomyces kanamyceticus

Animal Component-free

Synonym: Kanamycin A, Kanamycin sulfate salt

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Properties

Related Categories A - K, Aminoglycosides, Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z,
Quality Level   PREMIUM
biological source   from Streptomyces kanamyceticus
InChI Key   OOYGSFOGFJDDHP-KMCOLRRFSA-N
potency   ≥750 μg per mg (dry basis)
impurities   ≤5% Kanamycin B
color   white to off-white
solubility   H2O: 50 mg/mL clear, colorless to faintly yellow
Mode of action   protein synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
  mycoplasma

Description

Application

Kanamycin sulfate is a broad spectrum aminoglycoside-antibiotic derived from Streptomyces kanamyceticus. It is used as an additive in culture media for the isolation of group D streptococci on Kanamycin Esculin Azide Agar and for selection of transformed plant cells containing the neomycin phosphotransferase on a kanamycin-medium. Kanamycin sulfate can also be used as a selection agent for cells transformed with kanamycin B resistance gene. It is recommended for use in cell culture applications at 100 μg/mL.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action: The product acts by binding to the 70S ribosomal subunit, inhibiting translocation and eliciting miscoding.

Mode of Resistance:Aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (including acetyltransferase, phosphotransferase, nucleotidyltransferase) can alter this antibiotic, preventing its interaction with ribosomes.

Antimicrobial spectrum: Kanamycin sulfate is effective against gram-negative and gram-postiive bacteria, and mycoplasma.

Caution

Solutions are stable at 37°C for approximately 5 days. Aqueous stock solutions can be stored at 2-8°C for long term storage.

Packaging

1, 5, 25, 50 g in poly bottle

Preparation Note

Kanamycin sulfate is soluble in water at 50 mg/mL, yielding a clear solution. It is practically insoluble in alcohol, acetone, chloroform, ether and ethyl acetate. A 1% solution in water has a pH of 6.5 to 8.5. Sterile solutions can be prepared by a sterile filtration, through a .2μm filter.

Price and Availability


Laboratory Gloves

All labs need water
Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
NZ3225030

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Aminoglycoside Analysis in Pork Muscle using Molecularly Imprinted Polymer Cleanup and LC/MS/MS Detection

Aminoglycosides are a well-known class of antibiotics that are routinely monitored in animal-derived foods. Many countries have instituted regulatory limits for aminoglycosides. There is growing conc...
Emily Barrey, Olga Shimelis, K. G. Espenschied
Reporter US, Volume 32.2
Keywords: Antibiotics, High performance liquid chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Separation, Size-exclusion chromatography, Solid phase extractions

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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