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PHR1412 Supelco

Chloramphenicol

Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material

Synonym: D-(-)-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α−(hydroxymethyl)-β-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]acetamide, D-(-)-threo-2-Dichloroacetamido-1-(4-nitrophenyl)-1,3-propanediol, D-threo-2,2-Dichloro-N-[β-hydroxy-α-(hydroxymethyl)-4-nitrophenethyl]acetamide, Chloramphenicol

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Properties

Related Categories A-C, A-H, Additional Standards, Analytical Standards, Analytical/Chromatography,
grade   certified reference material
  pharmaceutical secondary standard
form   neat
Featured Industry   Pharmaceutical (small molecule)
format   neat
pharmacopeia traceability   traceable to BP 854
  traceable to PhEur C1200000
  traceable to USP 1107004

Description

Application

Chloramphenicol is a synthetic antibiotic, isolated from strains of Streptomyces venezuelae. It is often used for bacterial selection in molecular biology applications at 10-20 μg/mL and as a selection agent for transformed cells containing chloramphenicol reistance genes.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Mode of Action:Chloramphenicol inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by blocking the peptidyl transferase step by binding to the 50S ribosomal subunit and preventing attachment of aminoacyl tRNA to the ribosome. It also inhibits mitochondrial and chloroplast protein synthesis and ribosomal formation of (p)ppGpp, de-pressing rRNA transcription

Mode of Resistance:Use of chloramphenicol acetyltransferase will acetylate the product and inactivate it.

Antimicrobial Spectrum: This is a broad spectrum antibiotic against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, and is used mainly for ophthalmic and veterinary purposes.

Suitability

Pharmaceutical secondary standards for application in quality control provide pharma laboratories and manufacturers with a convenient and cost-effective alternative to pharmacopeia primary standards.

Preparation Note

Stock solutions can be prepared directly in the vial at any recommended concentration. A solution at 50 mg/mL in ethanol yields a clear, very faint, yellow solution. Degradation of chloramphenicol in aqueous solution is catalyzed by general acids and bases. This rate of degradation is independent of the ionic strength and pH.

Other Notes

This Certified Reference Material (CRM) is produced and certified in accordance with ISO 17034 and ISO/IEC 17025. All information regarding the use of this CRM can be found on the certificate of analysis.

Footnote

To see an example of a Certificate of Analysis for this material enter LRAA2476 in the slot below. This is an example certificate only and may not be the lot that you receive.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
3

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Protocols & Articles
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