Z744033 Sigma-Aldrich

450nm Light Source



General description

The 450nm LED Light Module is used with the Penn PhD Photoreactor M2 for chemists and researchers to accelerate chemical reactions using photoredox catalysis.

• Features and Benefits of Penn Penn PhD Photoreactor M2
• Modular design allows for use with a variety of wavelengths 365nm – 450nm
• 360 degree reflective environment maximizes surface area photon capture
• Light shield interlock prevents user exposure to harmful light rays
• Interactive touch screen controls reaction parameters
• Intertek ETL, CE, and CB approved
• User defined parameters including temperature, light intensity, fan speed and stirring
• Auto stop, pause and reset options
• Supports vial sizes gc, 4, 8, 20, 40 ml
• Temp feedback using a k-type thermocouple

Photocatalysis Technology Spotlight

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Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles


Nicewicz Photoredox Catalysts for Anti-Markovnikov Alkene Hydrofunctionalization

While Markovnikov alkene reactivity is very well developed and utilized commonly in the synthesis of commodity and research chemicals, catalytic access to the anti-Markovnikov-selective adducts is a ...
Keywords: Catalysis, Cyclizations, Cycloadditions, Decarboxylations, Hydroaminations, Infrared spectroscopy, Oxidations


Visible light photoredox catalysis has emerged as a powerful tool in organic synthesis, building upon the foundation set by early pioneers in the areas of radical chemistry and photochemistry. Photor...
Keywords: Capillary electrophoresis, Catalysis, Cross couplings, Cycloadditions, Degradations, Drug discovery, Gas chromatography, Infrared spectroscopy, Organic synthesis, Oxidations, Reductions, Scintillation, transformation

Photoredox Iridium Catalyst for Single Electron Transfer (SET) Cross-Coupling

C(sp2)- and C(sp)-hybridized coupling reactions are established catalytic approaches. However, multi-step C(sp3)- and C(sp2)-coupling reactions of boronic acids and related derivatives are still limi...
Keywords: Asymmetric synthesis, Catalysis, Coupling reactions, Cross couplings, Eliminations, Reductive eliminations, Transmetalation

Reducing Organic Photoredox Catalysts for Visible Light-Driven Polymer and Small Molecule Synthesis

Photoredox catalysis has emerged as a powerful synthetic methodology to form challenging covalent bonds under mild reaction conditions using light irradiation. Recently, phenoxazine (901111) and dihy...
Keywords: Absorption, Catalysis, Cross couplings, Polymerization reactions, Radical polymerization

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