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125008 Sigma-Aldrich

1-Chlorobutane

ReagentPlus®, 99%

Synonym: Butyl chloride

  • CAS Number 109-69-3

  • Linear Formula CH3(CH2)3Cl

  • Molecular Weight 92.57

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1730909

  •  EC Number 203-696-6

  •  MDL number MFCD00001009

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329749751

  •  NACRES NA.04

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Properties

Related Categories ReagentPlus, ReagentPlus Solvent Grade Products, ACS and Reagent Grade Solvents, Alkyl, Amber Glass Bottles,
Quality Level   100
vapor density   3.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure   80.1 mmHg ( 78.4 °C)
product line   ReagentPlus®
assay   99%
form   liquid
autoignition temp.   860 °F
expl. lim.   10.1 %
refractive index   n20/D 1.402 (lit.)
bp   77-78 °C (lit.)
mp   −123 °C (lit.)
solubility   water: soluble 0.11 g/L at 20 °C
density   0.886 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   CCCCCl
InChI   1S/C4H9Cl/c1-2-3-4-5/h2-4H2,1H3
InChI key   VFWCMGCRMGJXDK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

1-Chlorobutane is an alkyl halide. It undergoes reaction with nanocrystalline MgO at 200-350°C to afford butane isomers and MgCl2, via dehydrochlorination.

Application

1-Chlorobutane may be used in the synthesis of ionic liquids, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hydrogen sulfate ([Bmim]+[HSO4]-) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium dihydrogen phosphate ([Bmim]+[H2PO4]-).

Packaging

1, 2.5 L in glass bottle

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN1127 - class 3 - PG 2 - Chlorobutanes
WGK Germany 
WGK 2
RTECS 
EJ6300000
Flash Point(F) 
10.4 °F - closed cup
Flash Point(C) 
-12 °C - closed cup

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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