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138975 Sigma-Aldrich

1-Pentanol

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym: n-Amyl alcohol, Pentyl alcohol

  • CAS Number 71-41-0

  • Linear Formula CH3(CH2)4OH

  • Molecular Weight 88.15

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 1730975

  •  EC Number 200-752-1

  •  MDL number MFCD00002977

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329750364

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Properties

Related Categories ReagentPlus and EMPLURA, Biochemicals and Reagents, Carbon Steel Flex-Spout Cans, Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower oil), Cell Biology,
grade   ReagentPlus®
vapor density   3 (vs air)
vapor pressure   1 mmHg ( 13.6 °C)
  1.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)
InChI Key   AMQJEAYHLZJPGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥99%
form   liquid
autoignition temp.   572 °F
expl. lim.   10 %, 100 °F
refractive index   n20/D 1.409 (lit.)
bp   136-138 °C (lit.)
mp   −78 °C (lit.)
density   0.811 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Description

General description

1-Pentanol is a linear alcohol. Pentane, a ″next generation″ alcohol fuel, is a promising substitute for conventional gasoline and diesel fuels. Kinetics of thermal decomposition of its isomeric forms (1-pentanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, and 3-methyl-1-butanol) have been reported.
1-Pentanol is a colorless liquid having a pleasant odor, which can be obtained as a product from the process of fractional distillation of mixed alcohols resulting from the chlorination and alkaline hydrolysis of pentane occurs.

Application

1-Pentanol may be used as a cosurfactant in the water-in-oil mixed surfactant microemulsions.

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle

100 mL in glass bottle

18, 20 L in steel drum

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN1105 - class 3 - PG 3 - Pentanols
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
SB9800000
Flash Point(F) 
120.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
49 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

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Pressure-Temperature Nomograph Interactive Tool

Use the interactive controls above to simplify calculations and improve the efficiency of your distillation or evaporation requirements.
Keywords: Evaporation, Vaporization

Properties of Solvents Table

The table below presents the physical characteristics of common solvents. Easily reference or compare solvent properties like boiling point, density, and refractive index all from one list.
Keywords: Gas chromatography, Green chemistry, High performance liquid chromatography, Melting, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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