EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
158941 Sigma-Aldrich

Pentane

reagent grade, 98%

  • CAS Number 109-66-0

  • Linear Formula CH3(CH2)3CH3

  • Molecular Weight 72.15

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 969132

  •  EC Number 203-692-4

  •  MDL number MFCD00009498

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329751002

  •  NACRES NA.21

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories ACS and Reagent Grade Solvents, Aluminum Bottles, Amber Glass Bottles, Carbon Steel Cans with NPT Threads, Reagent,
Quality Level   100
grade   reagent grade
vapor density   2.48 (vs air)
vapor pressure   26.85 psi ( 55 °C)
  8.43 psi ( 20 °C)
assay   98%
form   liquid
autoignition temp.   500 °F
expl. lim.   ~8.3 %
refractive index   n20/D 1.358 (lit.)
bp   35-36 °C (lit.)
mp   −130 °C (lit.)
density   0.626 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
SMILES string   CCCCC
InChI   1S/C5H12/c1-3-5-4-2/h3-5H2,1-2H3
InChI key   OFBQJSOFQDEBGM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Description

General description

Pentane (n-pentane) undergoes hydroisomerization in the presence of a nanocrystalline beta (BEA) zeolite. It isomerizes to iso-pentane in the presence of ZSM-5 (Zeolite Socony Mobil-5) zeolite catalysts under hydrogen and nitrogen atmosphere. Platinum catalysts when supported on sulfated zirconia-based solid superacids, promotes chemisorption and effective combustion of pentane.

Application

Pentane may be used for the fabrication of planar lipid bilayers on the films of amorphous PTFE (PTFE) by the “painting technique”.

Pentane may be used in the preparation of n-hexanal via photo-catalyzed carbonylation of the terminal methyl group in the presence of a rhodium catalyst.

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle

18, 20 L in steel drum

500 mL in glass bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
Target organs 
Central nervous system
Supplemental Hazard Statements 
EUH066
RIDADR 
UN1265 - class 3 - PG 2 - Pentanes
WGK Germany 
WGK 2
RTECS 
RZ9450000
Flash Point(F) 
-40.0 °F
Flash Point(C) 
-40 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number

Certificate of Origin (COO)

Please Enter a Lot Number
Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?