184519 Sigma-Aldrich

Petroleum ether

ACS reagent



Related Categories ACS Grade, ACS Grade Solvents, ACS and Reagent Grade Solvents, Amber Glass Bottles, Carbon Steel Cans with NPT Threads,
grade   ACS reagent
vapor density   2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure   25.8 psi ( 55 °C)
  7.99 psi ( 20 °C)
autoignition temp.   475 °F
expl. lim.   8 %
impurities   acidity, passes test
evapn. residue   ≤0.001%
color   APHA: ≤10
refractive index   n20/D 1.363 (lit.)
bp   30-60 °C(lit.)
  35-60 °C
density   0.64 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)


General description

Petroleum ether is a colorless liquid. Extracts of leaves of Litchi chinensis Gaertn. (Sapindaceae) have been prepared in petroleum ether and were evaluated for antiinflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities. Pentanes and hexanes are the major constituents of petroleum ether.

Petroleum ether is a mixture of low boiling aliphatic hydrocarbons (mainly hexane and pentane) that is generally used as a laboratory solvent.


Petroleum ether has been used for the analysis of total dietary fiber content by employing a total dietary fibre assay kit. It may be used in the absorption chromatographic purification of organic compounds.


1, 6×1, 2.5, 4 L in glass bottle

18 L in steel drum

500 mL in glass bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Signal word 
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
UN1268 - class 3 - PG 1 - Petroleum distillates, n.o.s., HI: no
WGK Germany 
Flash Point(F) 
-56.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
-49 °C


Certificate of Analysis


Certificate of Origin


Dispensette™ S
Protocols & Articles


Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

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