EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND
537993 Sigma-Aldrich

1-Butanol

99.9%

Synonym: n-Butanol, Butyl alcohol

  • CAS Number 71-36-3

  • Linear Formula CH3(CH2)3OH

  • Molecular Weight 74.12

  •  Beilstein Registry Number 969148

  •  EC Number 200-751-6

  •  MDL number MFCD00002964

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329757999

Purchase

Properties

Related Categories ReagentPlus, ReagentPlus Solvent Grade Products, ReagentPlus and EMPLURA, ACS and Reagent Grade Solvents, Amber Glass Bottles,
vapor density   2.55 (vs air)
vapor pressure   5.5 mmHg
InChI Key   LRHPLDYGYMQRHN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   99.9%
autoignition temp.   649 °F
expl. lim.   11.2 %
impurities   ≤0.005% Acidity (as Acetic acid)
  ≤0.020% n-Butyraldehyde
  ≤0.05 mg/mL Nonvolatile matter
  ≤0.050% Carbonyl (as C=O)
  ≤0.1% water (Karl Fischer)
  ≤0.100% Di-n-butyl ether
  ≤0.100% Isobutyl alcohol
color   APHA: ≤10
refractive index   n20/D 1.399(lit.)
bp   116-118 °C(lit.)
mp   −90 °C (lit.)
solubility   water: soluble
density   0.81 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
cation traces   Fe: ≤0.3 ppm

Description

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle

100 mL in glass bottle

18, 20 L in steel drum

Application

1-Butanol may be used for the esterification of lactic acid in the presence of lipase from Candida antarctica and hexane solvent.

General description

1-Butanol is an industrial solvent that can be obtained either from petroleum feedstock or by biomass fermentation. Some of its characteristic properties include high energy content, low vapor pressure and a better capability to combine with gasoline. Synthesis of di-n-butyl ether (DBE) in a fixed-bed flow reactor via dehydration of 1-butanol in the presence of γ-alumina, zeolites, and Amberlyst ion-exchange resins has been investigated. Its thermophysical properties have been calculated. Formation of fatty acid butyl esters (FABE) via transesterification of rapeseed and jatropha oil with 1-butanol in the presence of acid catalyst has been studied under varying conditions.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
RIDADR 
UN1120 - class 3 - PG 3 - Butanols
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
EO1400000
Flash Point(F) 
95 °F
Flash Point(C) 
35 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

Related Content

Pressure-Temperature Nomograph Interactive Tool

Use the interactive controls above to simplify calculations and improve the efficiency of your distillation or evaporation requirements.
Keywords: Evaporation, Vaporization

Properties of Solvents Table

The table below presents the physical characteristics of common solvents. Easily reference or compare solvent properties like boiling point, density, and refractive index all from one list.
Keywords: Gas chromatography, Green chemistry, High performance liquid chromatography, Melting, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?