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676756 Sigma-Aldrich

Toluene

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

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Properties

Related Categories Aluminum Bottles, Solvent Bottles, Solvent Packaging Options, Solvents
grade   ACS reagent
vapor density   3.2 (vs air)
vapor pressure   22 mmHg ( 20 °C)
  26 mmHg ( 25 °C)
InChI Key   YXFVVABEGXRONW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
assay   ≥99.5%
autoignition temp.   997 °F
expl. lim.   7 %
impurities   H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
  ≤0.003% S compounds
  ≤0.03% Water
evapn. residue   ≤0.001%
refractive index   n/D 1.496 (lit.)
bp   110-111 °C (lit.)
mp   -93 °C (lit.)
solubility   acetone: miscible(lit.)
  alcohol: miscible(lit.)
  carbon disulfide: miscible(lit.)
  chloroform: miscible(lit.)
  glacial acetic acid: miscible(lit.)
density   0.865 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Description

General description

Toluene, also known as methylbenzene, is a flammable liquid with a pungent odor. It is a constituent of crude oil. Toluene is widely used as a precursor for synthesizing benzene, a gasoline additive, and as a solvent in the paint industry. Its toxicological effects have been investigated. Alkylation of toluene to form p-xylene with high selectivity using modified ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5-class zeolite catalysts has been reported. Electrical properties of graphene can be altered by doping it with toluene, which serves as an electron donor. Temperature programmed hydrogenation (TPH) of toluene in the gas phase in the presence of supported metal catalysts has been studied.

Packaging

4, 4×4 L in aluminum bottle

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
UN1294 - class 3 - PG 2 - Toluene
WGK Germany 
2
RTECS 
XS5250000
Flash Point(F) 
39.2 °F
Flash Point(C) 
4 °C

Documents

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Pressure-Temperature Calculator for Solvents

*Calculations provide estimated results based on Antoine's Coefficients and their associated temperature range values. Antoine's Coefficients were obtained from the National Institute of Standards an...

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Pressure-Temperature Nomograph Interactive Tool

Use the interactive controls above to simplify calculations and improve the efficiency of your distillation or evaporation requirements.
Keywords: Evaporation, Vaporization

Properties of Solvents Table

The table below presents the physical characteristics of common solvents. Easily reference or compare solvent properties like boiling point, density, and refractive index all from one list.
Keywords: Gas chromatography, Green chemistry, High performance liquid chromatography, Melting, Solvents

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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