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73036 Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium chloride

puriss. p.a., anhydrous, ≥99.0% (AT)

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Properties

Related Categories Chemical Synthesis, Essential Chemicals, Inorganic Salts, Lithium, Lithium Salts,
Quality Level   200
grade   puriss. p.a.
assay   ≥99.0% (AT)
loss   <1% loss on drying, 110°C
pH   5.5-7.5 (25 °C, 50 mg/mL in H2O)
mp   605 °C (lit.)
anion traces   sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg
cation traces   Ba: ≤10 mg/kg
  Ca: ≤20 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
  Co: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
  K: ≤50 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
  Na: ≤50 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤10 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤5 mg/kg
SMILES string   [Li+].[Cl-]
InChI   1S/ClH.Li/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
InChI key   KWGKDLIKAYFUFQ-UHFFFAOYSA-M

Description

General description

Lithium chloride (LiCl) is a lithium salt. It participates in the Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons reactions of base-sensitive aldehydes and phosphonates. LiCl/N,N-Dimethylacetamide (DMAc) solvent system has been employed for the dissolution of cellulose and synthesis of various cellulose derivatives (cellulose esters, carbamates, sulfonates and ethers). It can be synthesized from lithium carbonate (Li2CO3).

Application

Lithium chloride (LiCl) may be used in the synthesis of lithium perchlorate by reacting with perchloric acid.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS07  GHS07
Signal word 
Warning
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
1
RTECS 
OJ5950000

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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