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14343 Sigma-Aldrich

1(S),9(R)-(−)-Bicuculline methiodide

≥95.0% (HPCE)

Synonym: (5S)-5-[(6R)-6,8-Dihydro-8-oxofuro[3,4-e]-1,3-benzodioxol-6-yl]-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-6,6-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolo[4,5-g]isoquinolinium iodide

  • CAS Number 40709-69-1

  • Empirical Formula (Hill Notation) C21H20INO6

  • Molecular Weight 509.29

  •  Beilstein/REAXYS Number 5419649

  •  MDL number MFCD00078966

  •  PubChem Substance ID 329750456

  •  NACRES NA.77

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Properties

Related Categories B, Bioactive Small Molecule Alphabetical Index, Bioactive Small Molecules, Cell Biology
Quality Level   100
assay   ≥95.0% (HPCE)
optical activity   [α]/D -117±7°, c = 1 in chloroform
solubility   H2O: 10 mg/mL, almost clear, greenish-yellow
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   [I-].[H][C@]1(OC(=O)c2c3OCOc3ccc12)[C@]4([H])c5cc6OCOc6cc5CC[N+]4(C)C
InChI   1S/C21H20NO6.HI/c1-22(2)6-5-11-7-15-16(26-9-25-15)8-13(11)18(22)19-12-3-4-14-20(27-10-24-14)17(12)21(23)28-19;/h3-4,7-8,18-19H,5-6,9-10H2,1-2H3;1H/q+1;/p-1/t18-,19+;/m0./s1
InChI key   HKJKCPKPSSVUHY-GRTNUQQKSA-M

Description

General description

Bicuculline is a phthalide isoquinoline alkaloid, which is extracted from Dicentra cucullaria. It acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Bicuculline inhibits slow afterhyperpolarization (AHP).

Application

1(S),9(R)-(-)-Bicuculline methiodide has been used as a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) antagonist to block inhibition in the semicoronal slices. It has also been used for the preparation of organotypic hippocampal slice cultures (OHSCs).

Biochem/physiol Actions

(-)-Bicuculline methiodide is a GABAA receptor antagonist, which acts as a competitive inhibitor of GABA ligand binding to the receptor.

Features and Benefits

This compound is a featured product for Neuroscience research. Click here to discover more featured Neuroscience products. Learn more about bioactive small molecules for other areas of research at sigma.com/discover-bsm.

This compound is featured on the GABAA Receptors and Potassium Channels pages of the Handbook of Receptor Classification and Signal Transduction. To browse other handbook pages, click here.

Preparation Note

prepared from (+)-bicuculline

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Personal Protective Equipment 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles

Articles

Discover Bioactive Small Molecules for Neuroscience

The nervous system, comprised of the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system, or CNS) and network of nerves that connects the CNS to the rest of the body (peripheral nervous system, or PNS) is ...
Keywords: Bioactive small molecules, Central Nervous System, Diseases, Metabolism, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Neuroscience, Neurotransmission, Neurotransmitters

Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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