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15361 Sigma-Aldrich

Bleomycin sulfate from Streptomyces verticillus

for fluorescence, mixture of bleomycin sulfate salts, lyophilized, powder or crystals, white to off-white

Synonym: Blenoxane, Bleo, Blexane

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Properties

Related Categories Antibiotics, Antibiotics A to Z, Antibiotics by Application, Antibiotics by Mechanism of Action, Antibiotics  A-F,
Quality Level   200
biological source   Streptomyces verticillus
grade   for fluorescence
form   powder or crystals
quality   lyophilized
color   white to off-white
solubility   H2O: 20 mg/mL, clear, colorless
cation traces   Cu: ≤0.1%
Mode of action   DNA synthesis | interferes
  DNA synthesis | interferes
antibiotic activity spectrum   Gram-negative bacteria
  Gram-positive bacteria
  neoplastics
storage temp.   2-8°C
SMILES string   [O-]S([O-])(=O)=O.C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)c1nc(nc(N)c1C)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC[C@H](N)C(N)=O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2O[C@@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]2O[C@@H]3O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC(N)=O)[C@@H]3O)c4c[nH]cn4)C(=O)NCCc5nc(cs5)-c6ncc(s6)C(=O)NCCC[S+](C)C.C[C@@H](O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](C)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)NC(=O)[C@H](NC(=O)c7nc(nc(N)c7C)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC[C@H](N)C(N)=O)[C@@H](O[C@@H]8O[C@@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@@H]8O[C@@H]9O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@@H](OC(N)=O)[C@@H]9O)c%10c[nH]cn%10)C(=O)NCCc%11nc(cs%11)-c%12ncc(s%12)C(=O)NCCC[S+](C)C
InChI   1S/2C55H83N17O21S3.H2O4S/c2*1-20-33(69-46(72-44(20)58)25(12-31(57)76)64-13-24(56)45(59)82)50(86)71-35(41(26-14-61-19-66-26)91-54-43(39(80)37(78)28(16-73)90-54)92-53-40(81)42(93-55(60)88)38(79)29(17-74)89-53)51(87)67-22(3)36(77)21(2)47(83)70-34(23(4)75)49(85)63-10-8-32-68-27(18-94-32)52-65-15-30(95-52)48(84)62-9-7-11-96(5)6;1-5(2,3)4/h2*14-15,18-19,21-25,28-29,34-43,53-54,64,73-75,77-81H,7-13,16-17,56H2,1-6H3,(H13-,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,66,67,69,70,71,72,76,82,83,84,85,86,87,88);(H2,1,2,3,4)/t2*21-,22+,23+,24-,25-,28-,29+,34+,35+,36-,37+,38+,39-,40-,41-,42+,43-,53-,54-;/m00./s1
InChI key   OOXTWFJZZAJGKA-CNLAFNBISA-N

Description

General description

Chemical structure: glycopeptide

Application

Bleomycin sulfate is used to study tumor-specific cytotoxic activity in certain cell lines such as human normal oral cells(gingival fibrobast HGF, pulp cell HPC and periodontal ligament fibroblast HPLF), human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4, Ca9-22 and NA) and human promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 cells. It is used to study free radical-mediated mechanisms of DNA strand scission/breaking and as a transformed cell selection agent, especially for plant transformants. Recommended for use as a selection agent at 10-100 μg/ml.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Bleomycin sulfate binds to DNA, causes ssDNA scission at specific base sequences and inhibits DNA synthesis. This inhibitory action requires bleomycin to bind oxygen and a metal ion. It can also cleave RNA, to a lesser degree but more selectively. It acts as an inducer and regulator of apoptosis and inhibits tumor angiogenesis.

Packaging

Packaged in a bottomless glass bottle with its contents inside an inserted fused cone.

Components

This product is a mixture of glycopeptides antibiotics containing Bleomycin A2 (70%) and B2(30%). Bleomycins differ from each other in the terminal amine and show varying biological activity.

Caution

This product should be stored at 2-8°C.

Preparation Note

The product is soluble in water in water at 20 mg/mL and is active for several days. A solution of 2 units/mL in 0.1 M neutral potassium phosphate should be used within 14 days. A solution is active for three months at 3 units/mL in normal saline.

Other Notes

Keep container tightly closed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Keep in a dry place.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

Symbol 
GHS08  GHS08
Signal word 
Danger
Hazard statements 
Precautionary statements 
RIDADR 
NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 
WGK 3
RTECS 
EC5991990
Flash Point(F) 
Not applicable
Flash Point(C) 
Not applicable

Documents

Certificate of Analysis (COA)

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Protocols & Articles
Peer-Reviewed Papers
15

References

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