• USA Home
  • 3014-05A - Human Carotid Artery Endothelial Cells: HCtAEC, adult

3014-05A Sigma-Aldrich

Human Carotid Artery Endothelial Cells: HCtAEC, adult



Related Categories Cell Culture, Endothelial Cells, Primary Cell Culture, Primary Cells
Quality Level   100
biological source   human carotid artery (normal)
packaging   pkg of 500,000 cells
growth mode   Adherent
karyotype   2n = 46
morphology   Endothelial
application(s)   cell culture | mammalian: suitable
relevant disease(s)   cardiovascular diseases
shipped in   dry ice
storage temp.   −196°C


General description

HCtAEC has been used to elucidate molecular mechanisms of cerebral aneurism caused by haemodynamic (sheer) stress and inflammation, which were shown to act through PGE2-EP2 and NF-κB signaling (Aoki, 2011). Demonstrating a link between inflammation and neovascularization, serum amyloid A, a biomarker of inflammation, increased expression of TNF, F3 factor, NF-κB and VEGF leading to activated migration, wound healing and tube formation responses in HCtAEC; these pro-angiogenic activities could be prevented by pretreatment with the multi-angiokinase receptor inhibitor BIBF1120 (Cai, 2013). Additionally, CD40-CD154 signaling between endothelial cells and T cells leads to a stress response in endothelial cells via activation of NF-κB and MAPK/SAPK pathways and induces down-regulation of APLN, while at the same time activating viral immune surveillance system involving TLR3, IFIH1, RIG-I, and RNASEL (Pluvinet, 2008).

Also, HCtAEC, along with human aortic (HAOEC), brachiocephalic artery (HBcAEC), coronary artery (HCAEC) and subclavian artery (HScAEC) have been used to demonstrate that not only blood vessels from different tissues are highly heterogeneous, they also interact differently with leukocytes during the inflammation response (Scott, 2013). The authors further showed that differential N-glycosylation of commonly expressed vascular adhesion molecules may be responsible for this heterogeneity, as well as for modulation of signaling under resting and activated inflammatory conditions. This also explains why specific vascular beds may be more or less susceptible to particular diseases or stimuli. Importantly, if cells from different sources were used, these results could not be convincingly validated due to a number of uncontrolled variables, such as age, race, genetic variability or life style choices of the donors.

Because of the complex heterogeneity that exists not only between different donors, but even between different vascular beds in the same individual, it would be prudent to confirm any new findings on primary cell lots coming from several different origins.

Cell Line Origin



neovascularization, cell migration, wound healing, tube formation, angiogenesis, signal tranduction, monocyte chemotactic factor production, cell adhesion


Basal Medium containing 10% FBS & 10% DMSO

Preparation Note

• 2nd passage, >500,000 cells in Basal Medium containing 10% FBS & 10% DMSO
• Can be cultured at least 10 doublings

Subculture Routine

Please refer to the HCtAEC Culture Protocol.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport


Certificate of Analysis (COA)

Please Enter a Lot Number

Pipette Controller from Brand
Protocols & Articles


Protocol: Human Carotid Artery Endothelial Cells Culture

*Be sure to wear face protection mask and gloves when retrieving cryovials from the liquid nitrogen storage tank. The dramatic temperature change from the tank to the room could cause any trapped liq...
Keywords: Cell culture, Sterilizations

Related Content

Cell Culture Troubleshooting Guide

Cell culture has become one of the most fundamental techniques for modeling biological systems, and is of increasing importance in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sectors as well as an essential...
Keywords: Antibiotics, Apoptosis, Cell attachment, Cell culture, Cryopreservation, Filtration, Growth factors, Pharmaceutical, Phase transitions

Introduction to Primary Cell Culture [VIDEO]

Interested in receiving more content like this? Join over 8,000 of your peers who have already signed up for the Cell Informer newsletter.
Keywords: Cell culture, Drug discovery, Pharmaceutical

Related Products

Technical Service:

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Bulk Ordering & Pricing:

Need larger quantities for your development, manufacturing or research applications?