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57668 Sigma-Aldrich

D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate

BioXtra, water soluble vitamin E conjugate

Synonym: D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate, TPGS, Vitamin E polyethylene glycol succinate, Vitamin E-TPGS



biological source   synthetic
product line   BioXtra
assay   ≥25% (ALPHA TOCOPHEROL)
form   powder, crystals or chunks
composition   α-tocopherol, ≥25%
color   white to light brown
mp   >36 °C
solubility   H2O: 1 g/10 mL, clear to faintly turbid, colorless to faintly yellow
cation traces   Al: ≤5 mg/kg
  Ba: ≤5 mg/kg
  Bi: ≤5 mg/kg
  Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cd: ≤5 mg/kg
  Co: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cr: ≤5 mg/kg
  Cu: ≤5 mg/kg
  Fe: ≤5 mg/kg
  K: ≤50 mg/kg
  Li: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mg: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mn: ≤5 mg/kg
  Mo: ≤5 mg/kg
  Na: ≤50 mg/kg
  Ni: ≤5 mg/kg
  Pb: ≤5 mg/kg
  Sr: ≤5 mg/kg
  Zn: ≤5 mg/kg
storage temp.   2-8°C



D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate has been used as an emulsifier in the preparation of Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) particle as synthetic DNA carriers by double emulsion (w1/o/w2) and nanoprecipitation method.

Biochem/physiol Actions

D-α-Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) also known as vitamin E TPGS, is a therapeutic agent for vitamin E deficiency in children, administered during chronic childhood cholestasis. TPGS exerts anti-tumor activity in MCF-7 and breast cancer cells by downregulating anti-apoptotic proteins. TPGS finds its application as an emulsifier in the preparation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) particles for DNA labelling, produces particles of uniform size, high encapsulation efficiency, increases hydrophilicity and prevents aggregation of particles.

Tocopherols (TCP) (vitamin E) are a series (α, β, γ and δ) of chiral organic molecules that vary in their degree of methylation of the phenol moiety of the chromanol ring. Tocopherols are lipid soluble anti-oxidants that protect cell membranes from oxidative damage. α-Tocopherol is the form of tocopherol preferentially absorbed by homo sapiens. Tocopherol polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) may be used to create biodegradable polymers and antioxidant surfactants.

Safety & Documentation

Safety Information

NONH for all modes of transport
WGK Germany 


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